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Wednesday, January 25, 2017

What are Vital Signs ?

In this post, we will study about another important aspect in medical science and knowing about them is very crucial and they are vital signs. In every job we encounter, we will encounter vital signs details without a miss.  Vital Signs are nothing, but clinical measurements of that are helpful in assuring that human body is in normal state of health.

What are the 4 clinical measurements ?

The four clinical measurements of general health state of a patient are:
1.  Heart rate or pulse rate or pulse.

2.  Body temperature.

3.  Respiratory rate.
4.  Blood pressure.

We will see about one by one now.
1. Heart rate or pulse rate or pulse:
Normally, in resting condition, a person's heart rate or pulse is estimated to be around 60 beats to 100 beats in a minute. In fact, the lesser the heart rate, the better heart of health would be. For example, a well-trained sportsperson heart would be around 40 beats to 45 beats a minute.

2.  Body Temperature:

Normal body temperature is also known as normothermia or normothermic condition or euthermia.  Normal temperature standard is 36.5 to 37.5 degrees Celsius or 97.7 to 99.5 Fahrenheit. The temperature above these levels are considered to be fever. The excessive heat condition is called medically as hyperpyrexia.

3.  Respiratory Rate:

Generally, a person may breathe between 12 to 20 breaths per minute, but infants from birth to about 6 weeks of their life normally breathe about 30 to 40 times. A person's respiratory rate may be higher in abnormal conditions such as fever or other illnesses.

4.  Blood Pressure:

Blood pressure is a measurement of amount of blood flows on the walls of the heart. Normal blood pressure standard is 120/80 for adults. High blood pressure if found needs to be controlled to maintain the normalcy of heart and blood vessels, otherwise, it may lead to any threat to the life of a patient.

In the next post, we will study about another term in medical science.


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