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Sunday, July 21, 2013

Parts of Speech - Types of Pronouns

One should differentiate which is subjective pronoun and which is objective pronoun based on the usage of the pronouns. Pronouns are of five types.

1. Possessive pronouns
2. Demonstrative pronouns
3. Distributive pronouns
4. Reciprocal pronouns
5. Indefinite pronouns

1. POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS: The possessive pronoun can be indicated by a sign (‘) and a letter ‘s’ to a noun. The examples are given below:

Examples:
Singular Nouns can be expressed like this,
David’s car (his car)
Lakshmi’s bed (her bed)
The Car’s light (its light)
Pleural Nouns can be expressed like this,
The children’s toys (their toys)
Daniel’ bike (his bike)
Boys’ hostel (their hostel)
Girls’ bus (their bus)

See the two sentences below.

This is her watch.
This watch is hers.
The second one the effective one.

2. DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS: This type of pronoun is used to point at a certain object like we use our index finger to point at something. We may use demonstrative pronouns either in subject part and also in objective part. The demonstrative pronouns are given below:

a. THIS and THAT for singular noun.

b. THESE, THOSE, and SUCH for pleural noun.

Examples:
Demonstrative pronouns in the subject part:
This is my car.
That is her classroom.
These are my friends.
Those are our properties.
Such is our fate.

Demonstrative pronouns in the object part:

This book of that author is like that of his previous one. (that replaces the book in the object part)
The cinema theatres in New York are bigger than those of Washington (those replaces the word theatres)
If a noun comes after a demonstrative pronoun, the pronoun would be doing the work of an adjective.

Examples:
a. That computer is mine.
b. This boy is my classmate.
c. These apples belong to Kashmir.
d. Those movie CDs are from Hollywood.

In the above examples pronouns are used as adjectives.
e. Some movies are very bad. Neglect such movies.
In this sentence such is adjective.

4. DISTRIBUTIVE PRONOUNS: These refer to persons or things taken at one time. These pronouns are given below:

EACH
EITHER
NEITHER

EACH-refers to everyone of a number of persons or things in single.
EITHER-refers to the one or the other two persons or things.
NEITHER-refers to not the one and not the other of two.

Examples:

a. EACH of the computer costs 35,000.
b. The students won the match received $1000 EACH.
c. EITHER of you can win the match.
d. NEITHER can win the Oscar this year.

Either and neither can be used in a sentence when we spoke about two persons or things. But in the situation of speaking more than two, we should use

ANY
NO ONE or NONE
a. ANY one can win the match from our country.
b. NONE can help him in this hard situation from his friends.

When we use NEITHER or EITHER in a sentence, a singular verb will follow these pronouns.

4. RECIPROCAL PRONOUNS: These pronouns are also called as COMPOUND PRONOUNS. They are given below:

EACH OTHER
ONE ANOTHER

Examples:

They both love EACH OTHER.
The family members quarrel EACH OTHER.
The business partners encouraged EACH OTHER.

We should consider one rule here that is EACH and ONE should be used in the subject, as well as OTHER and ANOTHER should be used in the object part of a sentence when we use reciprocal pronouns. So we should write the above sentences like this only.

EACH of them love OTHER.
EACH member in the family is quarrelling OTHER.
EACH of the business partner is encouraged OTHER.

These sentences are practically we combine the subjective and objective pronoun as a compound or reciprocal pronoun and change them as follows:

They both love EACH OTHER.
The family members quarrelling EACH OTHER.
The business partners encouraged EACH OTHER.
In the next lesson we will see about VERB..Okay.




5. INDEFINITE PRONOUNS: We can use this type of pronouns to refer to persons or things in a general way. They are given below:

ONE
THEY
ALL
FEW
MANY
OTHERS

These pronouns do not replace any particular nouns and are used independently in the subject or object part of a sentence. For example,

Indefinite pronouns used in subject part:

a. ONE does not make any decision when he is angry.
b. THEY say that she eloped with a neighbor.
c. ALL players play well in that match.
d. FEW good actors in the world.
e. MANY compete in Olympics, but one can win gold medal.

Indefinite pronouns used in object part:

a. We must do help to OTHERS.
b. I will win in my struggles ONE day.

Come on...

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Parts of Speech - Pronoun 2

In this lesson we will learn more about PRONOUN and its aspects.

Every sentence in English contains three important parts i.e. SUBJECT-VERB-OBJECT.

For example consider this sentence,

The Sun Rises in the East.

In this The Sun is Subject

Rises is Verb

In the East is Object

SUBJECT and OBJECT parts always contain a noun. In this part we can use a noun or a pronoun called SUBJECTIVE PRONOUN, as well as we can use a noun or a pronoun used in the object part called OBJECTIVE PRONOUN. In a sentence, there is also another type of pronoun called POSSESSIVE pronoun, this pronoun represents anything a person or a thing or a place possesses.

Now we will see all the types of pronoun now.

First Person:

I, WE-subjective pronouns

ME, US-objective pronouns

MY, MINE, OUR, OURS-possessive pronouns

Second Person:

YOU-subjective pronoun

YOU-objective pronoun

YOUR, YOURS-possessive pronoun

Third Person:

HE, SHE, IT, THEY-subjective pronouns

HIM, HER, IT, THEM-objective pronouns

HIS, HER, HERS, ITS, THEIR, THEIRS-possessive pronouns

In the next lesson we will learn about TYPES OF PRONOUNS..Okay.

Come on...

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