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Tuesday, December 13, 2011

Common Ear Diseases - Lesson 287


Free medical transcription course website provides you free lessons to learn the subject on a weekly thrice basis. Anyone who is interested in learning medical transcription can use these lessons for their reference while learning online or in any institutions. We will help you. Every once in a while, you should go through the medical terms learnt here and memorize them and these terms will be very useful when you involve in live medical transcription files. In this lesson, we will deal about common ear diseases, such as Meniere's disease and otosclerosis.

In ear diseases, Meniere's disease is one kind. Meniere's disease is an abnormality of the inner ear on the labyrinth. This disease happens when the pressure in the cochlea increases because of the increased pressure by endolymph. This affects normal balance and hearing ability. The main symptoms of Meniere's disease are tinnitus and increased sensitivity to louder sounds. Headache, vertigo, and nausea are also accompanying symptoms. The cause of the disease is not yet recognized. Treatment for Meniere's disease is rest in bed and medications to combat nausea and vertigo. In some cases, surgery is also recommended to release the pressure inside the ear by the endolymph. This is one of the common ear diseases.

Otosclerosis Symptoms:  Otosclerosis is an abnormal state of thickening of labyrinth bony tissue in the ear. Hearing loss would happen due to otosclerosis. The thickening bone will cover the area around the oval window and so the ossicle gets stiffened. This condition is called ankylosis. The result of this condition is conduction hearing loss or conduction deafness. The treatment for this condition is surgical removal of stapes bone or stapedectomy and the damaged area is replaced by a graft by fatty tissue. Hearing is recovered by setting a prosthesis equipment of stainless wire. We will see more about other common ear diseases in the next post.

In the next post, we will learn about Otitis Media. Okay. Come on.

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