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Tuesday, December 11, 2012

Symptoms of Cushing's Syndrome - Lesson 326

Cushing Syndrome is the topic matter we are going to deal today in the series of endocrine gland abnormalities. What is Cushing's Syndrome? It is an abnormal condition of accumulation of excess of secretion of a hormone called cortisol in the body. This may happen because of over consumption of corticosteroid medications or by other factors like other steroid hormones. Cushing's syndrome can be felt by some symptoms of excessive cortisol secretion by adrenal cortex in the kidneys.

Symptoms of Cushing's Syndrome:  Onset of obesity, fullness of human face like a moon, buffalo hump, hyperglycemia, excessive sodium in the blood, low potassium level in the blood, osteoporosis and increase of blood pressure are the overt symptoms of Cushing's syndrome.

Causes of Cushing's Syndrome:  Excessive ACTH secretion leads to this condition and this may happen due to any abnormal growth or tumor on the adrenal cortex.

Tests to identify Cushing's Disease:  Serum cortisol level test, salivary cortisol level, 24-hour urine test, dexamethasone suppression test, ACTH level, magnetic resonance imaging of the pituitary gland, bone mineral density are some of the tests that are done to confirm the diagnosis of Cushing's disease.

Treatment:  Common treatment for Cushing's disease is to administer some drugs and if this drug therapy is not effective, an adrenalectomy may be considered by the physician.

In the next post, we will see about another abnormal condition of endocrine glands, such as, Addison's disease. Okay. Come on.

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Monday, December 10, 2012

Virilization and Endocrine Glands - Lesson 325

Virilization is the topic matter of today's lesson in the series of endocrine glands abnormal conditions. Today we will see about virilization or adrenal virilism.  This is an abnormal condition of excessive secretion of the hormone androgen by adrenal cortex of the kidneys.

Causes of Adrenal Virilism:  The common reason for the excessive secretion of androgen is hyperplasia of adrenal cortex or may be due to a growth of a tumor on adrenal cortex. Virilization or adrenal virilism is commonly found in adult women.

Symptoms of adrenal virilism:  Common symptoms of virilization in female is no regular mensus or amenorrhea, excessive growth of hair in face and body in women, voice deepening or any formation of acne in the skin.

Treatment for Adrenal Virlism: Common treatment for adrenal virilism is to administer drugs to reduce the production of androgen or in  serious conditions, the adrenal cortex with abnormal growth of tumor may be surgically removed by a procedure called adrenalectomy.

Virilization may happen both in men and women of all age groups.

The Longest Medical Word

Today, we will know about an interesting medical term in medical language. This post is just to know about a different thing in the medica...