Cushing Syndrome is the topic matter we are going to deal today in the series of endocrine gland abnormalities. What is Cushing's Syndrome? It is an abnormal condition of accumulation of excess of secretion of a hormone called cortisol in the body. This may happen because of over consumption of corticosteroid medications or by other factors like other steroid hormones. Cushing's syndrome can be felt by some symptoms of excessive cortisol secretion by adrenal cortex in the kidneys.
Symptoms of Cushing's Syndrome: Onset of obesity, fullness of human face like a moon, buffalo hump, hyperglycemia, excessive sodium in the blood, low potassium level in the blood, osteoporosis and increase of blood pressure are the overt symptoms of Cushing's syndrome.
Causes of Cushing's Syndrome: Excessive ACTH secretion leads to this condition and this may happen due to any abnormal growth or tumor on the adrenal cortex.
Tests to identify Cushing's Disease: Serum cortisol level test, salivary cortisol level, 24-hour urine test, dexamethasone suppression test, ACTH level, magnetic resonance imaging of the pituitary gland, bone mineral density are some of the tests that are done to confirm the diagnosis of Cushing's disease.
Treatment: Common treatment for Cushing's disease is to administer some drugs and if this drug therapy is not effective, an adrenalectomy may be considered by the physician.
In the next post, we will see about another abnormal condition of endocrine glands, such as, Addison's disease. Okay. Come on.
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