Youtube Subscibe Button

Sunday, June 26, 2011

Skin And Its Combining Forms II -- Lesson 250

The meaning of myc/o combining form is fungus (fungi include yeasts, molds and mushrooms) and its terminology is dermatomycosis which means an abnormal condition of infection. An example is ringworm on the skin especially between the toes athlete's foot. The meaning of onych/o combining form is nail and its 
terminology is onycholysis which means separation of the nail plate from the nail bed in fungal infections or after trauma. The another terminology is onychomycosis which means fungal infection of the nail . The nails become white,aopaque, thickened, and brittle. The another terminology is paronychia which means inflammation and selling. Par- means near or bedside. Paronychia is inflammation and swelling of the soft tissue around the nail and is associated with torn cuticles of of ingrown nails.

The meaning of phyt/o combining form is plant and its terminology is dermatophytosis which means fungal infections of the hands and feet. The meaning of pil/o combining form is hair and its terminology is pilosebaceous which means gland secreting oil on the scalp. sebac/o means a gland that secretes sebum. 

The meaning of seb/o combining form is sebum which means oily secretion from sebaceous glands and its terminology seborrhea which means excessive secretion from sebaceous glands. Seborrheic dermatitis is commonly known as dandruff. The meaning of squam/o combining form is scale-like and its terminology is 
squamous epithelium which means flat and scale-like cells. The meaning of steat/o combining form is fat and its terminology is steatoma which is cystic collection of sebum. Sebaceous cyst, this is a cystic collection of sebum or fatty material that forms in a sebaceous gland and can become infected.

The meaning of trich/o combining form is hair and its terminology is trichomycosis which means fungal disease of brain. The meaning of ungu/o is nail and its terminology is subungual which means under the nail. The meaning of xanth/o combining form is yellow and its terminology is xanthoma which means nodules under the skin by lipid deposits. Nodules develop under the skin owing to excess lipid deposits. Usually associated with a high cholesterol level. Plaques that appear on the eyelids of elderly people are called xanthelasmas in which -elasma means a flat plate. The meaning of xer/o is dry and its terminology is xeroderma and its meaning is mild form of ichmyosis (-derma means skin). 

In the next post we will learn about lesions, symptoms, abnormal conditions and skin neoplasms. 

To go to the prior post from here, please click the link below


To go to the first post from here, please click the link below


Sunday, June 19, 2011

Skin And Its Combining Forms -- Lesson 249

In this post we would go through some more vocabulary of combinging terms
The meaning of caus/o combining form is burn or burning and its terminology is causalgia which means intensely unpleasant burning sensation in skin and muscles when there is damage to nerves. The meaning of cutane/o combining form is skin and its terminology is subcutaneous which means under the skin. The meaning of derm/o combining form is skin and its terminology is 1. epidermis means above the skin, 2. dermatitis means inflammation of the skin, 3. dermatoplasty means growth of skin, 4. dermatologist means specialist of skin, 5. epidermolysis which means loosening of the epidermis with the growth of large blists which occurs after injury. The meaning of diaphor/o combining form is profuse sweating and its terminology is diaphoresis means profuse sweating. The meaning of erythem/o combining form is redness and its terminology is erythema means redness of the skin. The terminology of erythemat/o is flushing which means widespread redness of the skin.

The meaning of hidr/o combining form is sweat and its terminology is anhidrosis which means no sweating. The meaning of ichthy/o combining form is scaly, dry and its terminology is ichthyosis which means abnormal condition of scaly, dry skin or a herdeditary condition in which the skin is dry, rough and scaly because of a defect in keratinization. This can also be acquired appearing with malignancies such as lymphomas, and multiple myeloma. The meaning of kerat/o combining form is hard, horny tissue and its terminology is keratosis which means abnormal condition of tissue. The meaning of leuk/o combining form is white and its terminology is leukoplakia which means white plaques of the skin (plakia means plaques). The meaning of lip/o combining form is fat and its terminology is lipoma which means malignant tumour of fat cells.

The meaning of melan/o combining form is black and its terminology is melanocyte which means black pigment cell, melanoma which means tumour of melanocytes. This is a malignant skin tumour.

To go to the prior post from here, please click the link below

http://learn-free-medical-transcription.blogspot.com/2011/06/colors-and-its-suffixes-lesson-248.html

To go to the first post from here, please click the link below

http://learn-free-medical-transcription.blogspot.com/2008/12/lesson-7-why-there-are-differences.html

Home Page: http://learn-free-medical-transcription.blogspot.com/

Wednesday, June 15, 2011

Colors and its Suffixes -- Lesson 248

Now in this post we would come across some of the vocabulary
Let us know about some colors
1. The Combining form of albin/o means white and its terminology is albinism.
2. The combining form of anthrac/o means black (as coal) and its terminology is anthracosis.
3. The combining form of chlor/o means green and its terminology is chlorophyll.
4. The combining form of cirrh/o means tawn yellow and its terminology is cirrhosis.
5. The combining form of cyan/o means blue and its terminology is cyanosis.
6. The combining form of eosin/o means rosy and its terminology is eosinophil.
7. The combining form of erythr/o means red and its terminology is erythrocyte.
8. The combining form of jaund/o means yellow and its terminology is jaundice.
9. The combining form of leuk/o means white and its terminology is leukoderma.
10. The combining form of tute/o means yellow and its terminology is corpus luteum.
11. The combining form of melan/o means black and its terminology is melanocyte.
12. The combining form of poli/o means gray and its terminology is Poliomyelitis.
13. The combining form of xanth means yellow and its terminology is xanthoma.

Let us study about some of the combining forms and its suffixes.
1. The meaning of the combining form adip/o is fat and its terminology is adipose.
2. The meaning of the combining form albin/o is white and its terminology is albinism which lists
combining forms for colors and examples of terms using those combining forms.

In the next lesson we will learn some more vocabulary

Tags: albinism, anthracosis, chlorophyll, cirrhosis, cyanosis, eosinophil, erythrocyte, jaundice, leukoderma, luteum, melanocyte, poliomyelitis, xanthoma, adipose

To go to the prior post from here please click the link below

To go to the first post from here please click the link below


Monday, June 6, 2011

Short Definitions Of Related Terms --- Lesson 247

In this post we would learn about some of the terms and their short definitions which will reinforce your way of understanding the terms.
1. Albino means a person with the deficiency of the skin in pigment.
2. Basal layer means the deepest region of the epidermis; which gives rise to all the epidermal cells.
3. Collagen is the structural protein found in the skin and connective tissue.
4. Corium is the middle layer of the skin which is also called dermis.
5. Cuticle is the band of epidermis at the base and side of the nail plate.
6. Dermis means the corium.
7. Epidermis means the outermost layer of the skin.
8. Epithelium means the layer of skin cells forming the outer and inner surfaces of the body.
9. Hair follicle is the sac or tube within which each hair grows.
10. Horny cell is a keratin-filled cell in the epidermis.
11. Integumentary system is the skin and its accessory structures such as hair and nails.
12. Keratin is a hard, protein material found in the epidermis, hair, and nails. Keratin means horn and is commonly found in the horns of animals.
13. Lipocyte is a fat cell.
14. Lunula is the half-moon-shaped, white area at the base of a nail.
15. Melanin means a black pigment formed by melanocytes in the epidermis.
16. Sebaceous gland means an oil-secreting gland in the corium that is associated with hair follicles.
17. Sebum is an oily substance secreted by sebaceous glands.
18. Squamous epithelium is a flat, scale-like cells composing the epidermis.
19. Stratified means arranged in layers.
20. Stratum is a layer of cells.
21. Stratum corneum is the outermost layer of the epidermis, which consists of flattened, keratinized (horny), cells.
22. Subcutaneous tissue means the innermost layer of the skin, containing fat tissue.

In the next post we would go through vocabulary.

To go to the prior post please click the link below.



To go to the first post from here please click the link below


The Longest Medical Word

Today, we will know about an interesting medical term in medical language. This post is just to know about a different thing in the medica...