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Sunday, December 18, 2011

Otitis Media in Adults - Lesson 288

Chronic Serous Otitis Media: It is an abnormal condition of inflammatory condition in the middle ear and so serum is accumulated inside. Generally it occurs in between the tympanic membrane and the inner ear. The main symptom is earache. Otitis media is not a serious condition other than it creates pain inside the ear and it may heal in a one or two months time period. When a person is affected with it, a pressure sensation will happen in the eardrum i.e. tympanic membrane and so the area is painful. The main cause of otitis media is infection by some bacteria or virus or any fungus. The main bacterias such as Streptococcus pneumoniae and haemophilus influenzae, and viruses like RSV (respiratory syncytial virus). Cold condition may lead to this condition and so ear pains for a few days or weeks. Sometimes eardrum may break and so pus forms inside the ear. Small children are prone to otitis media generally under the 10 years of age. This can be visually found out by examining the tympanic membrane. Only performing otoscope or a tympanometer examination would not reveal the disease condition inside the ear. 

Treatment of serous otitis media is the surgical correction performed in the eardrum to release the excessive pressure in the eardrum. To free the air circulation, tympanostomy tubes can also be placed inside.

Suppurative Otitis Media: It is an abnormal condition of infection by bacteria and so pus is formed in the middle ear. The cause of infection may be streptococcus bacteria or staphylococcus bacteria. The treatment is the application of antibiotics.  In chronic conditions, myringotomy may be ordered to prevent hearing loss.

In the next lesson, we will learn about vertigo and tinnitus. Every learner of free medical transcription course should memorize these disease conditions while learning this. These terms will be helpful while doing practice audio files or live files.

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