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Saturday, March 24, 2012

Endocrine Medical Terms - Lesson 310

In this article, we are going to see about endocrine medical terms. Endocrinology is an important medical speciality. Many women suffer from hormone deficits and so suffer from many sexual and appearance problems. Late menstruation, irregular menstrual cycles, abnormal hair growth, bone thinness etc. Proper timely treatment and medications will solve these problems, but many women have no idea of what kind of treatment to be done. As a medical transcription online trainee, you should know about endocrinology terms. In this lesson, we will see about insulin, glucagon, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), estrogen, estradiol, calcitonin, cortisol, and epineprhine. 

Glucagon: This is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas, especially by the cells of the Islet of langerhans. The main duty of glucagon is to increase blood sugar by converting glycogen into 
glucose.

Insulin: This very very important hormone is produced by the same pancreas, especially by the Islet of langerhans. Insulin lessents blood sugar and converting glucose into glycogen. Insuling works opposite 
to glucagon.

Follicle-stimulating Hormone (FSH): This important hormone is secreted by pituitary gland in the anterior part. The anterior part of pituitary gland is called as adenohypophysis. The short form of follicle-stimulating hormone is FSH. It induces secretion of hormones and also stimulates production of egg by the ovaries. FSH also stimulates the production of sperm cells by the testes.

Estradiol: This is a female hormone. Estrogen is secreted by the ovaries.

Estrogen: This is also a female hormone. Estrogen is secreted by the ovaries. Estrogen is also secreted by the adrenal corted in a smaller portions.

Calcitonin: This hormone is produced by the thyroid gland. The main function of calcitonin is to lessen calcium levels in the blood. The another name of calcitonin is thyrocalcitonin.

Cortisol: This hormone is produced by the adrenal cortex, the outer layer of adrenal glands. The main function of cortisol is to increase the levels of sugar in the blood.

We have seen about endocrine medical terms. The next lesson also is the continutation of endocrine terms, such as, growth hormone, melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH), norepinephrine, oxytocin, progesterone, parathormone (PTH), and prolactin. Okay. Come on.

Endocrine System Information

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