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Sunday, March 30, 2014

Gerund and Participle in English Grammar


Let us discuss some of the gerunds when the verb is in the present form. We will describe breifly as 
1. Play - Playing, 2. Swim - Swimming, 3. Steal - Stealing, 4. Ride - Riding, 5. Jump - jumping
6. Act - acting, 7. Recieve - Recieving, 8. Smoke - Smoking, 9. Fish - Fishing, 10. Dance - Dancing

Let us come through some of the examples where gerunds appear in the middle of a sentence.
1. You must practise writing every day.
2. Stop acting in the film until you are clear in the action.
3. Rama loves designing room.
4. Reshma start playing as yet.

Before a gerund possessive pronoun is used which describes any noun which will be either an adjective or a possessive pronoun and placed to the left side of 

the noun. Here are some of the examples. Good girl, smart boy, ugly crow, large box, my instrument, her sister, his brother, their boat.

As in the above case we can use a pronoun or a noun before a gerund and it must be in the possessive form like this,
1. Juli's bessing healed the child.
2. The girl heard the birds chirping in the garden.
3. I am sure of his studying abroad.
4. Please excuse our leaving this class.
5. It was her arriving late that delayed the function.
6. My acting did not help the actor.
7. Their playing was excellent.
8. Daniel insisted on my going away from the dais.

Instead of a possessive pronoun if we use a noun, it is in possessive form with an apostrophe 's'.

To do the job of a verb in a sentence, we can use the gerund with the force of a verb as well. In some cases it would look like a second verb. When so used, 

the gerund must be preceded by a preposition such as, to, of, at, for, with, without, in, after, on. 

In the next post we would learn some more about this topic with some examples.

To go the previous post from here, please click the link below.

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Saturday, March 15, 2014

Definition of Gerunds in English Grammar

Until the prior post,we have learnt about Infinitives. From this lesson, we will learn about Gerunds. When we introduce what is a gerund, we can consider any verb and adding 'ing' to it. For example, take the verb 'go', this is an order to go anywhere of someone, with this verb add 'ing', and we will get going.  Other examples are reading, coming, swimming, etc., In all the present form verbs, we can add 'ing' to make it a gerund. After adding 'ing' to any verb, it becomes a gerund and to it is a NOUN. We can use these nouns in the sentences as nouns and it can be used both in subject part of the sentence or in the objective part of the sentence. For example, Going to my aunt's house will make my father angry. In this sentence going is used in the subject part of the sentence. Other examples of using gerunds in the subject part of a sentence.

Gerund as subject in the sentences:

1. Fishing is my best hobby.

2. Bathing everyday is an essential thing.

3. Readin gives refreshment to our brains.

Gerund as object in the sentences:

1. He is tired of swimming.

2. All of you stop crying.

3. Your crew went went shooting.
Gerunds can also be found in the middle of the sentences too, but hesitantly we should not consider those as gerunds. If we find, gerunds in the middle of the sentence, those words may be participle. You should use a noun test to prove if one word in the sentence is a gerund or not. In grammar of a sentence, any verb with 'ing' adding to it is a continuous tense, it may be past continuous or present continuous or future continuous. So all verbs ending 'ing' are not gerunds. Because every verb in continuous tense should come with an auxiliary verb, for example, he is going to temple. So to differentiate whether one word is gerund, it should not be with auxiliary. If it has one auxiliary verb with it, then it is continuous verb. Okay.

In the next lesson, we will see about gerunds and its combinations.

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Monday, March 3, 2014

Infinitive Verbs and Nouns in English


In this post we would learn the usage of infinitive –verb with ‘how, what, when, where and which’.
Using one of the interrogative adverbs or pronouns when the first verb is ‘ask, find out, discover, decide, forget, know, learn, remember’, are invariably used. Some of the examples are given below.
1. I could not find out when to solve this problem.
2. The chief guest didn’t know which prize is to be given.
3. Some of the hostel students had learnt how to maintain the rooms in silence.
4. He decided himself where to stay for the night.
5. I suddenly remembered what I had to wear for the function.
6. He forgot where to go for the meeting.
7. The little child soon discovered how to propel the walker forward.
8. The old man asked me how to reach the place on foot.
                            
Infinitive – noun.
This infinitive can also be used as a noun. Given below are some of the examples where an infinitive – noun used as an object.
1. Shah went to the church to pray.
2. Did you come here to play?
3. The brave hero went to the fighting ground to fight.
4. Where shall we sit to discuss?
5. We attend dance classes to learn.

Some examples of the infinitive – noun as subject are explained below.
1. To tell lies is not a good habit.
2. To kill a deer is a cruel act.
3. To read good books should be your college norm.
4. To err is human.
5. To forgive is divine.
6. To be or not to be is the question.

Here are also some examples, where infinitive – nouns are also used as subject and object:
1. To know all is to forgive all.
2. To work is to pray.
3. To work is to worship.

In the next post we would learn about ‘Gerunds’.

To go to the previous post from here, please click the link below.

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