Youtube Subscibe Button

Thursday, March 22, 2012

Endocrine Terms - Lesson 309

In the endocrine terms information for free medical transcription course, the learners today are going to learn about some other important endocrine terms. Today we are going to deal about thyroid gland, adrenaline hormone, aldosterone, androgen, ACTH, and anti-diuretic hormone. Free medical transcription learners should study these words and remember them. Using a medical dictionary installed and refer it always in your computer is a good habit to learn the meanings of these words. Referring and keeping the meanings in mind is very essential in our learning process. Whenever you involve in doing training files or live files this habit of reference will add more pace to your profession.

Thyroid Gland: This gland is situated in the neck. Thyroid is the biggest gland in the human body. It is present below the thyroid cartilage. There are two thyroid glands on each side of the Adam's apple bone. The joining area of two lobes of thyroid gland is called as isthmus, which is present below the cricoid cartilage. The energy or stamina is created by consuming food materials. Thyroid gland determines how quickly this energy should be used by the body to form proteins and makes the body sensible to hormones.

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH): In the lesson of endocrine terms, we will see about ACTH. Corticotropin is the other name of ACTH. It is a polypeptide kind of tropic hormone. Corticotropin is produced by anterior pituitary gland in the brain. This hormone helps in secreting and discharge of corticosteroids, named cortisol from the outer covering of the adrenal glands named as adrenal cortex.

Adrenaline Hormone: The other name of adrenaline hormone is epinephrine. Epinephrine is a neurotransmitter. It helps to stimumate heart rate and pulse rate of blood vessels. Adrenaline also dilates air passages and helps to function the sympathetic nervous system. Epinephrine is one of the catecholamines.

Aldosterone: This is produced by the outer cover of the adrenal glands called adrenal cortex. Aldosterone hormone is yellow in color. This functions mainly on the nephron in the kidneys. It helps to

increase liquid retention in our body and also helping in increasing blood pressure. Anti-hypertensive tablets functions opposite to the aldosterone.

Antidiuretic Hormone: The other name of ADH is vasopressin. This hormone helps to enhance absorption of water by the nephrons in the kidneys. This is also a peptide kind of hormone. ADH helps ot increase blood pressure in the arteries. Body's homeostasis is acheived by this hormone by regulating glucose, essential salts, and water in the body. It is believed that human behaves like a social animal only because of the influence of this hormone.

We have studied about endocrine terms. In the next lesson, we will learn about other important endocrine medical terms, such as, androgen, calcitonin, estradiol, estrogen, and FSH. Okay. Come On. 


The Longest Medical Word

Today, we will know about an interesting medical term in medical language. This post is just to know about a different thing in the medica...