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Friday, December 23, 2016

20 Important Endocrinology Related Medical Terms

This post gives a list of important Endocrinology related medical words.

1.  Chelating agents - Multidentate ligand

2.  Thrombolytic - related to treat dissolving dangerous clots in blood vessels


3.  Streptokinase - used to dissolve blood clots formed in the blood vessels


4.  Urokinase - plasminogen activator

5.  Sodium oxalate - a sodium salt

6.  Sodium citrate - a sodium salt

7.  Ammonium citrate - citric acid salt

8.  Hemarthrosis - bleeding into joint spaces

9.  Ecchymosis - discoloration of the skin from bruising

10.  Contraindication - a treatment or drug should not be used for patient for a particular reason

11.  Hemorrhoid - discomfort because of swollen and inflamed veins in the rectum and anus

12.  Thyroid gland - Large ductless gland in the neck

13.  Endocrine - related to eight ductless glands in the body

14.  Histology - study of tissues

15.  Secretion - production of any discharge from a gland, cell, or an organ

16.  Lobes - anatomical divisions of any organ i.e. thyroid lobes

17.  Isthmus - piece of tissue that connects two large parts

18.  Colloid - non-crystalline substance made up of large molecules

19.  Cuboidal epithelium - cube-like epithelial cells

20.  Calcitonin - thyrocalcitonin hormone

We will see another important endocrinological medical terms in the next post.

Thursday, December 22, 2016

Medical Transcription Important Terminologies and Meanings

This article gives meanings of some important, often using medical terminologies used in anatomy and physiology of human body.  We will see those one by one now.

1.  Tremor - Shivering or shaking of any part of the body.

2.  Stature - Height or growth.

3.  Motility - Movement.

4.  Exophthalmus - Protrusion of eyeball.

5.  Goitre - Enlargement of thyroid gland.

6.  Edema - Collection of fluid.

7.  Tachycardia - Increased heart rate.

8.   Bradycardia - Decreased heart rate.

9.  Insomnia - Reduced sleep.

10.  Hoarseness - Husky voice.

11.  Menorrhagia - Increased menstrual flow.

12.  Amenorrhea - Decreased menstrual flow.

13.  Hypothyroidism - Decreased secretion of thyroid hormones.

14.  Hyperthyroidism - Increased secretion of thyroid hormones.

15.  Adenoma - Tumor.

16.  Tumor - Swelling.

17.  Cretinism - Hypothyroidism in children.

18.  Myxedema - Severe hypothyroidism in adults.

In the next post, we will see more medical terms and meanings.


Wednesday, December 7, 2016

3 Things to Know About the Difference Between a Heart Attack and a Cardiac Arrest

As a medical transcription learner, you must know about the difference between a cardiac arrest and a heart attack. The three important things between a cardiac arrest and a heart attack.

Heart Attack:
1.  Heart attack means blood flow to the heart from other organs or parts of the body is hindered by any blockage in the blood arteries, and heart attack happens.
2.  In heart attack, the heart beats will not stop necessarily immediately.
3.  Heart attack is just a problem of circulation of blood.

Cardiac Arrest:
1.  Cardiac arrest means a sudden stoppage of heart beats due to malfunction in the heart and so blood supply is affected to the vital organs such as brain, lungs, and kidneys etc.
2.  In cardiac arrest, the heart beat stops immediately.
3.  Cardiac arrest is a problem of the electrical conduction inside the heart.

In the next post, we will study about what is ECMO and its uses. Okay.



Thursday, November 17, 2016

Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) Medical Terms

After a gap of a few months our blog is updated with a new lesson update.  Here onwards, new lessons will be updated frequently on a regular basis of 2 days interval. In this lesson, we will see about some important medical terms are used in Ear, Nose, and Throat are of medicine on a day-to-day basis whenever we handle medical transcription job as a profession.

1.  Pulse oximetry - A device used to detect oxygen (O2) in the blood stream of a patient.

2.  Hyperventillation:  Excessive breathing consumption by a patient in particular period of time.

3.  Salivary amylaze:  An enzyme is produced in saliva of a human being to digest carbohydrates of food materials consumed.

4.  Mastication:  It is the process of chewing of a food.

5.  Buccal mucosa:  Inner layer of the mucous membrane of the mouth.

6.  Lingual:  Pertaining to tongue.

7.  Hypoxemia:  A condition of reduced oxygen in a patient's blood.

8.  Aptyalism:  An abnormal condition of lack of secretion of saliva in the mouth of a patient.

9.  Sialorrhea:  An abnormal condition of excessive secretion of saliva.

10.  Oral cavity:  Space inside the mouth.

11.  Digestive tract:  Mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, and anus.

In the next post, we will see about small intestine anatomy and functions.  Okay.

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Saturday, July 30, 2016

Different Types of Drugs

 We can divide the drugs normally used in the medicine field to cure diseases or to control the symptoms of a patient are of approximately 13 in varieties.  They are of Eye drops, nasal sprays, tablets, nasal solutions, capsule, syrup, ointments, vaccines, inhalational drug forms, vaccines, intrauterine contraceptive device, hormonal drug forms, ointments. We will see about one by one now.

Eye and Ear drops: Commonly eye drops are in liquid form to apply through eyes and ears to cure any infection conditions like conjunctivitis, red eyes, itchy eyes etc.  Ear drops are used to cure ear infections like otitis.

Nasal sprays:  These are used to treat conditions like allergic rhinitis and nasal congestion etc.

Tablets:  They are solid unit of dosage forms of a medicine with active substances of materials to cure  any separate or combined medicinal effect in a patient's body.  We can see tablets in round, elliptical, or square forms generally in medicine shops.

Nasal solutions:  These are also used in liquid forms such as saline liquids used to treat sinusitis like conditions.

We will see about more drug forms in the next post.

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Sunday, July 10, 2016

Routes of Administration of a Medicine

Medicines are used  to cure a disease or controlling symptoms or for any other purposes in any human body or  in  any animals can be administered in three routes, they are enteral, parenteral, and local ways.  We will see about the routes of these one by one now.

Before this we should understand that medicines are of different in forms.  They are of eye drops, nasal sprays, tablets, nasal solutions, capsules, syrups, ointments, vaccines, inhalational drugs,  intrauterine contraceptives, and hormonal drugs etc.,

All kind of these drugs can be given by a medical professional using the enteral parenteral, and local ways to administer inside a patient's body to cure or control a disease or any disease conditions etc., 

Entral:  This method of medicine administration can be given in 3 ways such as oral, rectal, and sublingual.  Tablets, capsules, syrup are for examples are administered through oral route.  Rectal suppositories like drugs are administered through rectal route. Nitroglycerin kind of drugs are administered to patients through sublingual (under the tongue) route.

Parenteral:  Intravenous, intradermal, intramuscular, and inhalational are the routes of administrations  of parenteral drugs.  Injections are use to administer drugs for administering via intravenous, intradermal, and intramuscular routes.  Oxygen kind of respiratory supports are given through inhalational method via nostrils.

Local:  The rest of the other kinds of administration of drugs is local.  Eye drops and ear drops are examples of local route administration of medicines inside the body.

In the next post, we will read about types of forms of medicines. Okay.

Sunday, July 3, 2016

Routes of Drug Administration

In the series of free medical transcription course online our new addition of lesson today is about the ways of drug or medicine administration in human. Though we take pills or tabs or tubes via orally, it is one among some routes of drug administration to cure any disease or symptom control in a human body.

The other routes of ways of administration is done not by the patient himself as in oral administration method. The other ways of drug administration are tried when the patient is unable to administer via  oral route or the drug may not be able to administer via mouth of the patient or the medicine may get good effects when tried in other ways of administration etc.,

The other routes of medicine administration other than oral route are inhalational or nasal administration, tracheal, intramuscular, subcutaneous, intravenous, and intra-articular. Now, we will see the meaning and the importance of these methods of medicine administration one by one.

Inhalational or nasal administration:  The route of administration of some drugs via nostrils or nose holes is known as Inhalational administration.  Some respiratory disease symptom control nasal decongestant drugs are administrated via nostrils.  Nasal sprays are also used to treat migraine headaches and hormone replacement treatment etc.,

Tracheal Administration:  Tracheal route administration is mainly used in giving oxygen support to the patients who are bed bound and in coma stage. Endotracheal route is used to administer food and medicines to the patients.  Endotracheal tubes made up of mostly of polyvinyl chloride are used for this purpose.

Intramuscular:  In this method of administration of medicine in small amounts can be administered using an injection via the muscle. Some of the important intramuscular sites of injections are in the muscles of deltoid (upper arm), dorsogluteal (upper buttocks area),  rectus femoris (quadriceps muscle),  ventrogluteal (hip), and vastus lateralis (thigh region especially for injecting in children).

Subcutaneous:  This is an important method of administration of drug via under the skin route.  Any selected medicine is administered in the fat layer of tissue  between the skin and muscle.  In the subcutaneous method the medicine is grasped slower than in the other method called intravenous (we will see intravenous next).

Intravenous:  This method is comparatively faster and effective way of administration of a medicine than the subcutaneous and commonly used by healthcare professionals to give a drug to the patients.  To give speed effect of any medicine this route of administration is taken hand by healthcare professionals. As the word suggests any medicine is administered into the vein using an injection. Generally, the vein near the elbow or the posterior part of hand or any other vein can also be used in intravenous method of medicine administration.

Intra-articular:  This method is also used in administering a medicine using an injection, but specifically used in treating patients with joint infections especially to lessen the joint pains. So, intra-articular means within a joint. Any site near the painful joint can be injected using this method.

In the next post, we will study more about Routes of Administration of a medicine in more detail. Okay.

New medical transcription lessons soon

Soon I will start to post new lessons for you all. Due to some time constraints I could not work online for updating new content for all the readers who follow our Free Medical Transcription blog. Please bear, new lessons will be on the way soon🙂👍

Tuesday, May 24, 2016

Gastrointestinal Words in Medical Transcription

Some of these gastrointestinal system words and definitions are used in Medical Transcription field. In all medical transcription documents, these words are used in all parts especially in the physical examination part.

1.  Hypercardia - Hypertrophy (enlargement) of the heart.

2.  Hyperventillation - Excessive breathing. 

3.  Mastication - Chewing.

4.  Pulse oxymetry - A device to deduct the oxygen in the human.

4.   BAG - Blood Arterial Gas Analysis.

5.  Salivary amylase - the enzyme that digests carbohydrates in the human gastrointestinal system.

6.  Mastication - Chewing of food.

7.  Buccal Mucosa - Inner layer of mouth.

8.  Lingual - related to tongue.

9.  Hypoxemia - Reduced oxygen in blood.

10.  Sialorrhea - excessive formation of saliva (hypersalivation)

11.  Oral cavity - Space inside the mouth.

12.  Digestive tract - It consists of mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, and anus.

13.  Small intestine - It consists of duodenum, jejunum, ileum, colon.

14.  Colon - It consists of ascending colon, descending colon, transverse colon, rectum, and anus.

15.  Wharton's duct - Submandibular duct (the duct present below the mandible).

In the next post, we will see important words used in Pulmonary System. Okay.


Monday, May 16, 2016

Medical Transcription Important Slangs

These slangs are short forms of important medial words often used in medical transcription documents as a short form. You should know about these important slangs so that you can become a successful medical transcription professional in the future.

1.  Meds - Medications

2.  Fluoro - Fluoroscope

3.  Bili - Bilirubin

4.  Retic - Reticulocyte

5.  Chem - Chemistry

6.  Echo - Echocardiogram

7.  Primip - Primipara  (a female who gives her first child birth).

8.  Cysto - Cystogram

9.   Dc'd - Discontinued

10.  Trach - Tracheostomy

11.  Dig or Dij - Digoxin

12.  Coag - Coagulants

13.  Fib - Fibers

14.  Ca or CA - Calcium

15.  K - Potassium

16.  Multip - Multiple

17.  Lap Chole - Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

18.  'crit - Hematocrit

19.  Peds - Pediatrics

20.   Mets - Metastasis

21.  Lytes - Electrolyes

22.  Cath - Catheter

23.  Diff - Differential

24.  Nitro -  Nitroglycerine

In the next post, we will learn about important words used in Language of Medicine. Okay.

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Monday, March 21, 2016

How to Change Screen Resolution in Windows 10?

This video explains how to fix screen resolution lock screen after installing windows 10 in PC. We will see this in step-by-step.

1. The default screen resolution cannot be changed without updating the driver.  Once you install Windows 10 with low resolution desktop screen.

2. To change this, we cannot do this directly by changing the screen resolution like windows 7 or other version of windows OS.  Then how to do this?


3.  To do this first go SETTINGS by clicking the left hand corner WINDOWS symbol like this.  Then, click SYSTEM > then select as in the image in the next screen.


4.  After reaching DISPLAY screen, you can “1” symbol on the right hand top and the default resolution settings like this with 1024 x 768 default resolution below the “1”.  There you cannot change the screen resolution to higher one as in other versions, as the SCREEN RESOLUTION is locked by default.



5.  To change this default screen resolution to the higher one we want, please do the steps below.  Below the “1” symbol and default 1024 x 768 default resolution selected you can see “Advanced Adopter Properties” link. Click it to reach the below screen.
Then, click “Properties” button to reach the next as mentioned below.  Then you will go to this. There you will the “The driver is working properly” in the box, and above click “DRIVERS” button above it.
T
Then, click "Drivers" button above it and then “UPDATE DRIVER BUTTON”.
This will lead to the below screen. Then, select the 1st option of “SEARCH AUTOMATICALLY FOR UPDATED SOFTWARE.”  Don’t forget to connect ONLINE while doing this step.

Then, wait for a few minutes while the new driver is updated automatically online.

This will lead to “Downloading Driver Software” screen. Wait again for a few
minutes.
Then, the screen will update automatically to a HIGHER SCREEN resolution automatically.


Hurray….now just RESTART THE COMPUTER.

Now, you can check the HIGHER screen resolution selections by checking going SETTINGS > SYSTEM > DISPLAY > now see below “1” symbol, it will show higher resolution options. THAT’S ALL.

Thanks for watching.

Sunday, February 14, 2016

Hi Readers of Free Medical Transcription....

After a few months of gap, our free medical transcription course blog lessons on the way on a weekly basis regularly.

Thanks for your cooperation.

The Longest Medical Word

Today, we will know about an interesting medical term in medical language. This post is just to know about a different thing in the medica...