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Friday, July 26, 2013

Parts of Speech - Adjectives 2

THREE DEGREES OF ADJECTIVE:

1. POSITIVE DEGREE:

Simple adjectives are all in the state of positive degree because they do the job of only describing about the noun simply.

For example:

1. Varalakshmi is TALL girl.
2. David is a BRIGHT student in the class.
3. Our house is a SMALL one.
4. Maradona was SHORT football player.
5. Cleopatra had been a BEAUTIFUL woman.
6. He is such an UGLY boy.
7. THAT question paper is very difficult (demonstrative pronoun as an adjective).

In the above sentences Tall, Bright, Small, Short, Little, Beautiful, Ugly, That are used in POSITIVE DEGREE. The adjectives just describes the noun.

2. COMPARATIVE DEGREE:

In this degree we use adjective to describe a noun and comparing any two persons or things or to compare one thing with other things those are more than two.

We take the above positive degree adjectives to describe comparative degree.

Varalakshmi is TALL girl comparing other student Vani in the class. So we can say this sentence as,

COMPARING TWO THINGS or PERSONS:

1. Varalakshmi is TALLER THAN Vani.
2. David is BRIGHTER THAN Ramana in the class.
3. Our house is SMALLER THAN our neighbor’s house.
4. Cleopatra is MORE BEAUTIFUL woman THAN Elizabeth Taylor.
5. He is UGLIER THAN her.
6. THAT question paper is MORE DIFFICULT THAN last year.

COMPARING ONE PERSON or THING with OTHER PERSON or THINGS more than two.

1. Varalakshmi is AS TALL AS other students in the class.
2. David is AS BRIGHT AS other students in the class.
3. Our hour is AS SMALL AS other houses in the colony.
4. Cleopatra was AS BEAUTIFUL AS other beautiful woman of her time in the world.

3. SUPERLATIVE DEGREE:

When we describe the best thing or person in sentence, we should use SUPERLATIVE DEGREE. We can use SUPERLATIVE DEGREE to describe the noun of that sentence.

See the examples

1. Varalakshmi is THE TALLEST in the class.
2. David is THE BRIGHTEST student in the class.
3. Our house is THE SMALLEST one in the colony.
4. Cleopatra was THE MOST BEAUTIFUL of her time in the world.

Note:

1. Add –IER to the adjectives to make it comparative in most of the adjectives (formula ADJECTIVE + IER)

2. If the adjective is more than five letters, we can add MORE to the adjectives to make it comparative adjective (MORE + ADJECTIVE)

3. Add MOST to the adjective to make it superlative MOST + ADJECTIVE

4. Some adjectives can be used without using the formulas, and can be used as it is.

In the next lesson we will learn about another part of speech ADVERB..ok
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