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Tuesday, June 24, 2014

All Tenses - Brief Review

All tense forms are reviewed once again in this post. After this post, we will move on to direct and indirect speech lessons. Even though we have seen lessons on each tense form of present, past and future types, we will see each of them in brief for the readers memory. In the present tense types, AM, IS, ARE, HAS and HAVE are the auxiliary verbs that support verb in each word. In SIMPLE PRESENT tense verbs are supported by DO and DOES. Present continuous auxiliaries are AM, IS and ARE. Present perfect tense auxiliaries are HAS and HAVE. Present perfect continuous tense carry HAS BEEN and HAVE BEEN with their verbs. CAN, COULD, MAY, MIGHT, NEED, OUGHT TO, KEEP, DARE, USED TO, GOING TO, SHOULD, WOULD, MUST are present tense universal auxiliaries.

In the past tense types, past tense is denoted by adding WAS, WERE and HAD with verbs. DID is used to denote simple past tense. WAS and WERE used to denote past continuous tenses. HAD for past perfect tense and HAD BEEN for past perfect continuous tense. Past universal auxiliaries are KEEP, KEPT, MIGHT, WOULD, COULD and USED TO.

In the future tense types, WILL and SHALL are added to future sentences. WILL BE and SHALL be are for future continuous tenses. WILL HAVE and SHALL HAVE for future perfect tenses. WILL HAVE BEEN and SHALL HAVE BEEN for future perfect continuous tenses. Universal auxiliaries for future tenses are COULD, KEEP, WOULD, USED TO and MIGHT. We can use WOULD HAVE, COULD HAVE, SHOULD HAVE, MIGHT HAVE, NEED HAVE, OUGHT TO HAVE, WAS GOING TO, WERE GOING TO, MUST HAVE and WOULD HAVE to denote future in the past tenses. 

In the next post, we will study about DIRECT and INDIRECT SPEECH. Okay. Come on.

Tags: verb tenses list, simple verb tenses, rules of tenses, word tenses, definition of tenses, tenses definition

To go the prior post of about Usage of Future Tense in the Past Tense

Thursday, June 19, 2014

Usage of Future Tense in the Past Tense

In this post, we will discuss about how to use the future tense in the past tense. Often we are in a condition to express our ideas of future times in the past times. For example, read this sentence. We could not have gotten the independence without a hard freedom struggle. In this sentence, independence achievement was a future dream in the past, understood. We can also use Might Have instead of Could Have, both will give the same meaning. In the example sentence above, the action already has finished, so it is a completed action. In normal sense, completed actions are revealed in the past tense or past perfect tense. So in the past perfect tense sense, we can use could have, might have, would have, should have, must have, need have, ought to have etc., to express future in the past tense expressions.

Future in the Past Tense
1. We should have married. 
2. The past lovers would not have met if the train reached exactly announced time.
3. You must not have left your college education for your cinema dreams.
4. They need not have joined the party.

In the above examples, we did use past perfect tenses. We can use future in the past, both in positive sentences and in negative sentences too. You can frame any question using these sentences.

So to express future in the past, we can use COULD HAVE, WOULD HAVE, MUST HAVE, NEED HAVE, OUGHT TO HAVE and WOULD HAVE KEPT.

In the next lesson, we will reviese about all the tenses we have learnt yet. Okay. Come on.

Tags: past present and future verbs, verbs past present future, past present future verbs, verbs present past and future, verbs past present and future, present past and future tense verbs

To go to the prior lesson, please visit the following link:

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Friday, June 6, 2014

How to Use 'Going To' in English Grammar?

I am 'going to' explain about how to use the auxiliary 'Going To' in English grammar now. For your informatin, going to is a pure auxiliary, but one cannot use it in a sentence without the help of other auxiliary. 'Going to' can be used with some other auxiliary to give a meaningful sentence.

Usage of Going to: This auxiliary is used in sentences to express any future actions or any expectation in the future. The rule is that any other auxiliary related to the subject must accompany the auxiliary 'Going to'. To express implied future, you should use present form of auxiliary. To express future in the past, you should use past form. We will see some examples now.

To express implied future using Present Form.

1. I am going to explain you now.

In this word, 'AM' is the supporting present form auxiliary with Going To.

2. He is going to participate in the competition.

In this sentence, 'IS' is the present form auxiliary used with Going To.

3. We are going to support Ramesh in this election.

In this sentence, 'ARE' is used as a present form auxiliary verb with Going To.

To express Future in the Past using Past Form.

1. I was going to participate in the competition.

2. We were going to struggle against the management.

In some setences, we may use go as main verb with Going To. In those sentence, you can keep silent of the verb go. For example, you can say, I am going to London tomorrow. No need to say, I am going to go London tomorrow.

You should also avoid using the verb 'come' with Going To. You can use other synonyms of 'come' in those sentences like 'arrive' and 'return'.

In the next lesson, we will see the recap of all the auxiliary verbs we have seen so far. Okay. Come on.

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Wednesday, June 4, 2014

How to use 'Keep' and 'Kept' in English

In this blog post, we are going to learn now about English grammar auxiliaries, such as KEEP and KEPT. Keep and Kept act both as auxiliaries also as verbs. Okay. When we can use KEEP and KEPT in sentences? We can use these two words in sentences when we try to convey an action that is continuing that is an ongoing action. These two auxiliaries can only be used with the help of other auxiliaries only, but cannot be used by themselves. Now we will see in what are the tenses, KEEP and KEPT can be used. We know the point that KEEP and KEPT can be used with other auxiliaries, such as DOES, DO, CAN, MAY, WOULD, SHALL, WILL, HAS, HAD, HAVE, WILL HAVE, WOULD HAVE, and SHOULD HAVE. In what are the tense types they can be used? We will see one by one now.

In the simple present tense, KEEP and KEPT can be used with DO, DOES, CAN, MAY, WOULD by adding ING in the word KEEP. For example see these sentences. 
Do you keep writing novels? 
The answer is
Yes, I do keep writing novels.

In the above-said way, we can use DOES, CAN, MAY, and WOULD. In the simple past form, we can use DID with KEEP. See this example sentnece. 

Did you keep playing for America?

The answe may be,

No, I did not keep playing for America.

In the simple future tense, KEEP can be used with SHALL and WILL. We will see one example sentence here.

Shall we keep making friendship?
Yes, we shall keep making friendship.

In the perfect tenses, KEPT can be used with HAS, HAVE, WILL, WOULD, COULD, SHOULD, and HAD. We will see some more examples for perfect tenses. Okay. In the

present perfect tense sentences, KEPT will be used with HAS in the singular items and HAVE in the plural items. For example,

Have the rioters kept agitating in your area?
Yes, the rioters have kept agitating in my area.

In the future perfect tense,
The boy will have kept watching the television in the room.

In the past perfect tense,
He had kept scolding his friends all over the night.

In the next post, we will see about the usage of GOING TO. Okay. Come on.

Tags: english grammar modal auxiliaries, auxiliaries grammar, auxiliaries in english grammar

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To go to the prior lesson of Used To, Auxiliary Verb, Please click the link below.

Sunday, June 1, 2014

'Used To' as an Auxiliary Verb

In the recent posts we came across several "Universal Auxiliaries". Now in this post we would learn more about universal auxiliaries. In this post we would learn some of the four special auxiliaries which are "used to, keep, kept, and going to".
The conditions for the auxiliary "used to" is 
a. to talk about a regular habit of present time.
b. to talk about a past regular habit discontinued some time in the past.
c. to express future expectations.

Used To Grammar Exercises
Some of the rules are 1. In the present tense the auxiliaries "AM USED TO, IS USED TO, ARE USED TO" are used where in the verb form no other verb but a noun must follow. 2. In the past tense the auxiliaries "WAS USED TO, WERE USED TO" are used where in the verb form no other verb but a noun must follow. 3. In the simple past tense the auxiliaries "DID,........ USE TO" are used where in the verb form present form verb is used. In combination with three particular verbs, "get, be and become", we can use this universal auxiliary in future, present perfect, past perfect and future in the past tenses.

1. For the future tense the auxiliaries "will get used to, will become used to, will be used to" are used whenever the verb form get, become or be in present form. 2. For the present perfect tense, the auxiliaries "have/has got used to, have/has become used to, have/has been used to" is used whenever the present perfect form of get, become and be. 3. For the past perfect tense the auxiliaries, "had got used to, had become used to, had been used to" are used whenever the present perfect form of get, become and be are used. 4. For future in the past tense, the auxiliaries "would have got used to, would have become used to, would have been used to" are used whenever the present perfect form of get, become and be are used.  

Present tense with Auxiliary Verb:
1. Are you used to drugs?
A. I am used to drugs.
B. I am not used to drugs.

2. Is Rahim used to smoking?
A. Rahim is used to smoking.
B. Rahim is not used to smoking.

In the next post we would learn some more examples.

Tags: sentence ideas, english grammar to be verb, auxiliary grammar, grammar to go, modal verb can, english grammar used to

To go the previous post from here, please click the link below.

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