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Friday, January 31, 2014

Infinitive Verbs in English Grammar

In the blog of free medical transcription course, we will learn some of the topics of this infinitive. For the duration of the action, we mention some of the rules of the verbs are it either in the normal form or in the continuous form. For example ‘to sit’ is in the normal form but ‘to be sitting’ is in the continuous form. Like this change in the infinitive portion of a sentence and the structure which is in the S-A-V form, some examples are given below: 
1. My parents have asked me to be waiting here for them.
2. We told our children not to be quarreling with each other while we were away.
3. I have to be sitting here till my brother returns from work.
4. She didn’t like to be waiting after a long time with her return from the piligrimage.

When we have to use two infinitive – verbs in a sentence, one may be in normal form and the second in continuous form, as shown in the following examples:

  1. We will not have ‘to be practising’ for hours to catch the Principal’s eye.
  2. Did you join this organization only ‘to be serving’ your boss to get a mere certificate?

Infinitive verb as a connective: We can use an infinitive – verb to connect two simple sentences. In a complex sentence type this connective does not do the job of a conjunction. The new sentence so connected by an infinitive – verb remains a simple single sentence. Now let us come across the sentences.

1. “The poor student did not have ten paise with him. He could not buy a pen”.

We can combine the above two simple sentences into a single sentence. In the same manner, we combine the following pairs into a single sentence by using a suitable or perfect infinitive – verb.
1. Every football team has a captain. He directs the other players.
This sentence can be written as “Every football team has a captain to direct the other players”.
2. The thief took out a knife. He frightened the shop keeper.
This sentence can be written as “The thief took out a knife to frighten the shop keeper.”
  1. Our small brother will do as he pleases. We allow him.
This sentence can be written as “We allow our small brother to do as he pleases”.

We can combine two sentences with an infinitive verb only if the verb concerned is common to both the sentences. The following pair cannot be combined since there is no common verb of action between them.

In the next post we would learn about the “omission of “to” in an infinitive –verb.

Tags: gerund infinitive verbs, infinitive of verbs, gerund verbs, gerund infinitive, gerund, verbs in infinitive

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Wednesday, January 8, 2014

Usage of Infinitives in English Grammar

Let us examine the following sentences of this type of infinitives.
1. I ‘am to go’ for the interview today at 10 a.m. (present)
2. He ‘has to complete’ the home work by 10 p.m. today. (present)
3. Sandhya ‘is to lead’ the class in prayer this evening. (present)
4. The girl students ‘have to participate’ in the competition. (present)
5. The twin sisters ‘are to dance’ in today’s party. (present)
6. Sham ‘was to reach’ here before 8 a.m. (past)
7. The apprentices ‘were to practice’ the work within 24 hours. (past)
8. Sam ‘had to submit’ the application before 22nd of last month. (past)
9. You ‘will have to appear’ for the entrance examination next week. (future)
10. Reena ‘does have to’ attend the court proceedings today.
11. ‘Do’ all the children ‘have to say’ the Pledge?
12. ‘Did’ my mother ‘have to come’ here for such a simple reason?

We are learning free medical transcription course here in this blog.  Note: In some cases of the auxiliary verbs DO, DOES AND DID, the usage of the verb ‘Have’ for emphatic. The rules with “will” and “shall” are same.
The negative emphatic answers are mentioned some below.
1. I ‘am not to take’ a third injection.
2. My small brother ‘is not to go’ with you on tour.
3. The twin sisters ‘are not to take’ part in today’s singing competition.
4. Pritam ‘hasn’t to complete’ the project work before another year.
5. The students ‘haven’t to stand’ up in a social party.
6. Manoj Kumar ‘hadn’t to run’ after the librarian every time.
7. Lusy wasn’t to join the college team.
8. The trainees ‘were not to sit’ in their rooms during class time.
9. You ‘will not have to join’ the queue for the provisional store.
10. We ‘don’t have to beg’ him for a favour everytime.
11. Naughty ‘doesn’t have to say’ ‘yes’ for every request.
12. The laboratory participators ‘didn’t have to sit’ idle during practical classes.

We will study more  about the usage of infinitive in the next post.

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