As of now, we have studied lessons about sense organs in our free medical transcription course series. In this post, we will learn about information on vertigo. What is vertigo? It is a sort of reeling sensation. It makes one feel like a sensation of losing balance. The main reason behind this abnormal condition is due to the intrusion in the inner ear. The person who is affected by vertigo will feel like the surrounding to be spun rapidly. The root causes of this whirling motion are labyrinthitis or acoustic neuroma. Labyrinthitis is the inflammatory condition of inner ear and acoustic neuroma is a benign tumor developed in the nerve that connects brain to the ear. Vertigo is sometimes accompanied by vomiting sensation, loss of balance, and over-sweating.
Types of Vertigo: Some persons may feel vertigo sensation just for a few minutes or a few seconds only and then it may resolve. This condition is called benign paroxysmal positional vertigo or BPPV. In some cases, vertigo may be associated with some other ear abnormalities such as vestibular migraine, Meniere's disease, vestibular neuritis, etc.,
Vertigo in Children: Vertigo is an uncommon condition in children, as the children cannot reveal this condition. A study proved that about 16% of the population in children are affected by vertigo. Presence of vertigo can be examined in children only performing ear visual examinations. General cause of the vertigo in children is BPPV in most cases.
Vertigo Treatment: The common medical treatment for vertigo is based on the diagnosis condition. The treatment differs based on the biological causes. If the inflammation of the ear is due to any bacteria, then antibiotic treatment would be the best solution. For the patients with Meniere's disease will be given sodium solution to increase the urinary output apart from antibiotic treatment. Some physical exercises are also recommended by the physician to the patients with BPPV.
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