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Monday, July 22, 2013

Parts of Speech - Verb and Auxiliary Verb

VERB:

Every human being is doing some actions in the world always. These actions may happen in the past, present, or future. So we can define a verb as a word of any ACTION done by any human being. For example, GO, COME, TAKE, BATH, SEE. These words denote an action of a human being.

Based on the time of action a verb can be classified as three such as PAST, PRESENT, and FUTURE.

We will learn more about each of these in detail.

AUXILIARIES AND AUXILIARY VERBS:
Auxiliary verb is a word helping a verb. A verb cannot be separated from verb. Only one auxiliary can help at a time to a verb.

List of Auxiliary verbs:

Everyone is learning English grammar must memorize these auxiliaries like a song lines.

IS, AM, WAS, HAS, HAVE, HAD, DO, DOES, DID, BE, BEEN, BEING, ARE, WERE, CAN, COULD, SHALL, SHOULD, WILL, WOULD, MAY, MIGHT, MUST, NEED, KEEP, KEPT, USED TO, OUGHT TO, GOING TO, DARE, NEVER

As we already explained a verb cannot stand lonely, one auxiliary must come with it like a marriage couple.

Auxiliary and auxiliary verbs:
There are 31 auxiliaries in English language. In the above 31 these 11 auxiliaries work as auxiliary and also as
auxiliary verbs. Those are IS, AM, WAS, ARE, WERE, DID, HAS, HAVE, HAD, DO, DOES, DID. These auxiliaries can support a verb in a sentence, and also stand lonely in a sentence to act as auxiliary verb. We can use auxiliaries in a sentence even without using a verb. These are self-supporting verbs.

Examples:

I AM a boy.
He IS an engineer.
They WERE culprits.
We DID that project.

But,
BE, BEEN, CAN, COULD, SHALL, SHOULD, WILL, WOULD, MAY, MIGHT, MUST, NEED, KEEP, KEPT, USED TO, OUGHT TO, GOING TO, DARE, NEVER are the auxiliaries cannot stand separately without a verb.

Examples:

We HAVE BEEN working for this project.
I CAN win the singles match.
They WOULD reach the target soon.

We cannot use NEVER only as an auxiliary verb as this does not support any verb. Then why NEVER is in this 31 auxiliary list? Because NEVER can be used in place of NOT. NOT is used to denote negative auxiliaries. NEVER is stronger than NOT that is why we have added NEVER as an auxiliary even if it cannot support a verb as an auxiliary.

Examples:

He will NEVER win the match.
I have NEVER told that word.
We NEVER talk against truth.

In all these 31 only three auxiliaries can be used as three-in-one i.e. they can be used as verb or just an auxiliary or an auxiliary verb. Those three are HAVE, BE, DO.

Examples:
I DO like him (as an auxiliary with the verb-LIKE)
I DO it (as an verb separately)
BE a kind man. (separately as a verb)
This will BE given (as an auxiliary verb)
Did you HAVE dinner? (as an auxiliary verb)
I HAVE one dog as my pet (as a verb)

This lesson concludes verb and auxiliaries, in the next lesson we will learn about what is an ADJECTIVE….Okay.

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