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Thursday, June 7, 2012

Endocrine Terms - Lesson 317

Today we will see about some important endocrine medical terms. These terms are very much important about endocrine system. Studying about these important terms are really helpful when listening these terms while doing training files or while doing live files. Read the terms and understand the meaning of each clearly. We will see about some important hormones related to the endocrine systems too in this lesson. We will see about catacholamines, vasopressin,corticosteroids,glucocortcoid, and mineralocorticoid. 

Catacholamines: These are important hormones that are derived from an amino acide. Catacholamines are produced by adrenal medulla. The best example for a catacholamine is epinephrine.

Vasopressin: This hormone is secreted by the back lobe or postrerior lobe of the pituitary gland. This area of the brain is also named as neurohypophysis. The another name of vasopressin is antidiuretic hormone.

Corticosteroids: These are hormones that are produced by the adrenal cortex. Corticosteroids are steroid hormones. The best example for these types of hormones are mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids. We will see about these two steroid hormones one by one below.

Glucocorticoids: Adrenal cortex secretes glucocorticoid hormones. These hormones are helpful for the body and that are helping the human body to use essential chemicals, such as, sugars, proteins and fats inside the body in the blood. Glucocorticoids are also useful for the body to produce normal stress responses from the brain.

Mineralocorticoids: These hormones are produced by the adrenal cortex. Mineralocorticoids are helpful in regulating electrolytes in the body (minerals). The balance of water is managed by mineralocorticoids in the body. The best example of mineralocorticoid type hormone is aldosterone.

In the next lesson, we will see about other important endocrine system related terms, such as, sympathomimetic, steroid, sella turcica, hypothalamus, hormone, homeostasis, and electrolyte. Okay. Come on.
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