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Saturday, September 21, 2013

How to Use 'MIGHT' in Simple Present and Present Continuous Tenses?

may and might In the recent post we came through the forms of might.
In this post we will discuss about “might” in more.
Remember the following points:
1. The short form of might not is might n’t but we do not use the short form.
2. We should not frame negative or positive question. Negative general questions with an appropriate interrogative will be possible.
Structure of a sentence - To reveal dissatisfaction:
Using ‘might’ in simple present tense with present form of verb.
1. You might come to the meeting on time.
(Here a nice way of conveying your displeasure when a staff comes late habitually is happening).
2. You might convey your wishes here and now.
(Here a simple present tense is used in the above sentence).
3. You might not spend your free time in your friend’s house every week end.
(Here also the same simple present tense is used).

Structure of a sentence - For a future distant possibility:
We use ‘might’ along with a present form verb for a future possibility. This sentence structure must denote the timing of the action in a coming time. Then this will be a ‘future tense’ sentence.
We denote the possibility in at present time and also in which case either it s a simple present or present continuous tense with ‘might’ and a present form of a verb.

Some of the examples are:
1. This exams might helps you in the future.
2. You might not consider this argument.
3. I might attend your music class tomorrow.
4. The bus might arrive by evening.
In all the above sentences future tense has been used.

This present tense can also be expressed in the possible forms as below.
1. My father might be wondering about my safety.
2. My brother might not be expecting me in the railway station this morning.
In all the above sentences present continuous has been used.

3. He might not believe in his professional abilities.
In the above sentence simple present tense is used.

We came to the conclusion that we use might in future and present tenses.

Keywords:  may and might, may might could, may or might, might be grammar, might can grammar, might could

In the next post we would try to learn about ‘might’ in more.

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How to Use 'MIGHT' as an Universal Auxiliary?

MIGHT
‘Might’ is also used in several ways.
1. It is used to express some unsatisfaction in a simple way.
2. To determine a future distant possibility or happening.
3. For ‘may’ this ‘might’ is used as a past equivalent.
4. In the past tense future this ‘might’ is used.

Let us study about the rules of using ‘might’
1. In simple present ‘might’ is used in the present form of the verb.
2. In present continuous tense ‘might be’ is used in the present ending in –ing form of the verb.
3. In future tense ‘might’ is used in the present form of the verb.
4. In simple past (in complex sentences) ‘might’ is used in the present ending in –ing form of the verb.
5. In future in the past ‘might have’ is used in the past participle form of the verb.
6. In the future in the past continuous ‘might have been’ is used in the present ending in           
-ing form of the verb.

Structure of the sentences:
(Hint: If there is a past tense in one part of a complex sentence the other part should also be in past tense or past equivalent universal auxiliary)
1. I may take sruthi with me if she is ready.
Here both sentences are in present tense and therefore it is correct according to the tense rules.
Note: ‘May’ is a simple present tense auxiliary.
But if ‘may’ is the present tense auxiliary then its past equivalent is ‘might’ . But ‘might’ is not the past form of ‘may’. It is the verbs that have the present form - past form - past participle form and not the auxiliaries.

Let us study this example in the tense rules of complex sentence.
1. I might take Sruthi with me if she was ready.
Here ‘might’ is used in the past tense auxiliary but ‘may’ should not be used.

Given below are some more examples.
1. I thought that the teacher might be in the class.
Using of simple past tense and past equivalent.
2. She felt that you might like a short holiday.
Using of simple past tense and past equivalent auxiliary.
3. The manager might not wait for you if you came after 11 a.m.
Using of past equivalent and simple past.
4. The lab assistant said that I might use the calculator whenever necessary.

In the next post we would try to learn the remaining topic of ‘might’


To go to the next lesson from here, please click the link below.

Wednesday, September 18, 2013

Universal Auxiliaries

Check out this product to Speak English confidently. Unique product with hundreds of situational conversations  Let us know about universal auxiliaries. So far we have learnt about 14 tenses and the formation of sentences. Now we would come to learn three pure auxiliaries. The three pure auxiliaries are will, shall and be which are used in future tense.But there are still 17 more pure auxiliaries left. They are CAN, MIGHT, MAY, SHOULD, COULD, WOULD, MUST, NEVER, USED TO, DARE, NEED, KEEP, KEPT, OUGHT TO, GOING TO, BEING and BEEN. 

These 17 auxiliaries are also known as UNIVERSAL AUXILIARIES because they are used for all persons and they do not belong to any particular tense. We can use them in more than one tense. Some of the universal auxiliaries will require the help of other auxiliaries.Let us briefly know about each of the auxiliaries:1. CAN Inorder to show the ability or capacity to do a work this “can” should be used. We do not use can in cases where there is no requirement of any kind of special skill. In simple present tense “can” is the present verb form. In present continuous tense “can be” is the present form ending in –ing. Since it is an universal type, we use it with all persons. Structure of sentence:“Can” should be used in these forms also.

Q. 1. Can you run one kilometer in one minute?
A1. I can run one kilometer in 3 minutes.
A2. I cannot run one kilometer in one minute.      In the above questions and answers 

1. “CAN” is used to justify.
2. “CAN” is used in negative form and the short form for can is “can’t”.

Examples of negative questions are:
1. Can’t Sasi do this work within an hour?
A1. He can do this work in an hour.
A2. He cannot do this work in one hour.

Examples of emphatic questions:

1. You can read German, can’t you?
A1. I can read German.
A2. I cannot read German.

2. Deepthi cannot lift this bottle on her own, can she?
A1. She can lift this box on her own.
A2. She can’t lift this box on her own.

3. Can the students be in library by 5.30 a.m.?
A1. They can be in the library by 5.30 a.m.
A2. The students can’t be in the library by 5.30 a.m.

By identifying the above words in the last question. Can – auxiliary of simple present tense, the students – subject, be – verb (present form), in – preposition, the – article, library – noun (but used as adverb of place), by – preposition, 5.30 a.m. – noun ( but used as adverb of time).In the next lesson we would learn about the remaining auxiliaries.

Tags:  auxiliary verbs english, auxillary verb, auxillary verbs, correct english grammar, english grammar help, english grammar terms, english grammer software, help with grammar

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Friday, September 6, 2013

Three Forms of Verbs

Let us come across certain verbs and their present, past and past participle forms.

SL.NO.   PRESENT FORM            PAST FORM                PAST PARTICIPLE FORM

1. Arise                               Arose                                Arisen
2. Awake                            Awoke                              Awaken
3. Attack                             Attacked                           Attacked
4. Bear                                 Bore                                 Borne
5. Become                            Became                            Become
6. Befall                                Befell                              Befallen
7. Begin                                Began                              Begun
8. Behold                              Beheld                             Beheld
9. Beseech                            Besought                         Besought
10. Beat                                  Beat (Bet)                        Beaten
11. Bet                                    Betted                              Betted
12. Bind                                  Bound                              Bound
13. Bite                                   Bit                                    Bitten
14. Bleed                                 Bled                                 Bled
15. Blend                                 Blended                           Blended, blent
16. Blow                                  Blew                                Blow
17. Bring                                 Brought                            Brought
18.  Build                                 Built                                  Built
19.  Burn                                  Burnt                                 Burnt
20.  Buy                                   Bought                              Bought
21.  Catch                                 Caught                              Caught
22.  Choose                             Chose                              Chosen
23.  Cling                                Clung                               Clung
24.  Come                                Came                               Come
25.  Creep                                Crept                                Crept
26.   Dare                                  Dared                                Dared            
27.   Deal                                   Dealt                                Dealt
28.   Dig                                     Dug                                  Dug
29.    Do                                      Did                                   Done
30.    Draw                                  Drew                                Drawn
31.    Drink                                  Drank                              Drunk
32.   Drive                                  Drove                               Driven
33.   Dwell                                  Dwelt                               Dwelt
34.    Eat                                      Ate                                   Eaten
35.    Fall                                     Fell                                   Fallen
36.   Feed                                   Fed                                    Fed
37.   Feel                                    Felt                                   Felt
38.   Fight                                  Fought                              Fought
39.    Find                                   Found                               Found
40.    Flee                                   Fled                                  Fled
41.    Fly                                     Flew                                Flown
42.    Forget                                Forgot                             Forgotten
43.     Forsake                              Forsook                           Forsaken
44.     Freeze                                Froze                               Frozen
45.    Get                                     got                                   got
46.    Give                                  Gave                                Given
47.    Go                                     Went                                Gone
48.    Grind                                  Ground                           Ground
49.    Hang                                  Hanged                           Hanged
50.    Have                                   Had                                 Had
51.    Hear                                    Heard                             Heard
52.     Hold                                    Held                               Held
53.    Keep                                   Kept                                Kept
54.    Kneel                                  Knelt                               Knelt
55.    Know                                  Knew                              Known
56.    Lay                                      Laid                                Laid
57.    Lead                                    Led                                 Led
58.    Leap                                    Leaped                           Leaped
59.    Learn                                   Learnt                            Learnt
60.    Leave                                   Left                                Left
61.    Lend                                    Lent                                Lent
62.    Lie                                       Lied                                Lied
63.    Lose                                     Lost                                Lost
64.     Make                                   Made                              Made
65.    Mean                                   Meant                             Meant
66.    Meet                                    Met                                 Met
67.    Misgive                            Misgave                        Misgiven
68.    Mislead                            Misled                           Misled
69.    Mistake                            Mistook                         Mistaken
70.    Misunderstand                 Misunderstood               Misunderstood
71.    Outgrow                           Outgrew                         Outgrown
72.     Out do                              Out did                            Out done          
73.    Overcome                        Overcame                        Overcome
74.    Overhear                          Overheard                       Overheard
75.    Over see                           Over saw                         Over seen
76.    Over sleep                        Over slept                        Over slept
77.    Over take                          Over took                        Over taken

In the next post we would see some more list of verbs and their present, past and past participle forms.

Okay

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Key words: three forms of verbs, past participle, present tense, past tense, past perfect verbs, ser present progressive

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Wednesday, September 4, 2013

Compound Sentences


In this post we will learn about the types of sentences with some examples.

The compound sentences may be combining form of two sentences with actual meaning. The combing forms may be for, and, or, yet and so on.
If 'and' is used the second sentence must be in the same idea.
If 'or' is used the second sentence contains an equal option.
If 'but' is used the second sentence contains an equal and opposite idea.
If 'so' is used the second sentence has equally important result.
If 'yet' is used the second sentence contains the same sense with opposite idea.

Like this the above combining forms also called coordinators of English language can be used in the sentences. These coordinators are used to connect the sentences which are perfect in meaning.

Then what is a complex sentence?
Complex sentence:- This complex sentence is also has an independent clause which  is joined by one or more dependent clause. Here the subordinators are used for the sentences such as because, although, since, after etc,. In this type of sentences a relative pronoun is also used after the sentence.

Some of the examples of these complex sentences are:-
1. The baby started to cry because she did not find her mother.
2. The students are playing in the class after the teacher went to the office room.
3. Although it was raining we used to play in the ground.

Not only conjunctions although, since etc,. are used but also that, and, but, or, while, when, until, as, before, until, whether, hence, so.

Some more examples of these sentences are:
1. The peon guards the entrance though all the candidates had left.
2. The doctor delays seeing until al the patients are present.
3. The policeman shouted that the victim is breathing.
4. We were thirsty when we started climbing the mountain.

Shall we see some 'past' and 'past participle' forms of the verbs. They are also known as regular verbs.

In the next post we would try to learn the 'past' and 'past participle' forms of verbs.

Okay.

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