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Friday, March 5, 2010

PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS - LESSON 174

Now in this lesson we would learn about psychological disorders.
Psychological disorders:- Psychological disorders get in between post traumatic stress syndrome to general phobias. It helps to explain the different psychological disorders and is a good introduction to mental sickness, both mild and severe. The identification and the mutual understanding of mental health conditions has changed over time and across there are still variations in the definition, assessment and classification of mental disorders whenever standard guideline are widely accepted.

Freud believed that certain psychological disorders can form when conflicts arise between two or more of these conditions of the personality. This tends to believe the diagnosis, may miss appointments, may neglect medication or may ignore symptoms. The term psychosis is frequently used to explain mental illness. A psychosis involves important impairment of reality testing, with symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations and bizarre behaviour. Schizophrenic disorders are examples of psychoses.

Some of the psychiatric disorders that will be explained in this lesson were anxiety, disorders, delirium, and dementia, dissociative disorders, eating disorders, mood disorders, personality disorders, schizophrenia, sexual and gender identity disorders, Somatoform disorders and substance-related disorders.

Let us know briefly about them:

1. Anxiety disorders:- Anxiety is characterized by anxiety-the experience of upleasant tension, fear, distress, troubled feelings, and avoidance behaviour. Panic attacks marked by intense fear or discomfort and symptoms such as trembling, dizziness, palpitations and so on occur in several anxiety disorders. Some examples of anxiety disorders are phobic disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, panic disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Phobic disorders are characterized by irrational or debilitating fears associated with a specific object or situation. Therefore the affected persons tend to actively avoid direct contanct with the situations in danger cases any mention or depiction of them. The object that is feared is often symbolic of an unconscious conflict that is the cause of the phobia and thus diverts the patient's attention from the conflict, making it unconscious.

Agaraphobia is the fear of being alone or in open, crowded, public places from which escape would be difficult or in which help mught not be available. They may feel comfortable only remaining at home or in the company of a friend or relative. Panic attacks can occur in anticipation of the phobic situation. In other case social anxiety problems may be an underlying cause. This Agoraphobia occurs about twice as generally among women as it does in men.

A Social phobia is the fear of situations in which the individual is open to public scrutiny with possible embarrassment and humiliation. A social phobia is also a diagnosis within the mental health professions referring to social anxiety. The examples of social phobia are using public lavatories, eating in public, fear of speaking in public.

In the next post we would learn about remaining psychological disorders.

Okay.