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Friday, August 2, 2013

Conjunction in English Grammar

Conjunction is a part of speech that combines two simple sentences. It may join two words in a sentence other than two verbs.

For example

1. Raju came to school AND Ramu came to cinema.

The two simple sentences

Raju came to school, Ramu came to cinema are combined by a word AND (conjunction).
Some simple single word conjunctions

1. AND
2. AFTER
3. BUT
4. BECAUSE
5. BEFORE
6. FOR
7. IF
8. IT
9. LEST
10. OR
11. TILL
12. THAT
13. SINCE
14. STILL
15. UNLESS
16. UNTIL
17. WHETHER
18. WHEN
19. WHILE

We will see every single word conjunctions now with examples.

1. AND: A conjunction used to join two simple sentences or two nouns or two pronouns.
Examples:
i. Ravi AND Sasi are good friends. (joining two nouns).
ii. We went to temple AND they went to a movie. (joining two simple sentences).

2. AFTER: This conjunction and also a preposition can be used in a sentence to denote an action happening at a time following to a recommended time.
Example:
i. Anita and Arumugam came to the marriage function AFTER they attended a birthday party.

3. BUT: This conjunction also can be used to join two sentences.
Example:
i. I did attend the tuition, BUT not attended yoga class the same day.

4. BEFORE: This conjunction and also a preposition can be used in a sentence to denote an action happening at a time following to a recommended time.
Example:
i. Anita and Arumugam came to the marriage function BEFORE they attended a birthday party.

5. BECAUSE: This conjunction is used to adjoin to simple sentences.
Example:
i. Suresh could not participate in the meeting BECAUSE he was ill at that time.

FUNNY NOTE: Can use the word consecutively three times in a sentence? Yes, you can. See the sentence below:

In the beginning of a sentence we cannot use the word BECAUSE BECAUSE BECAUSE is a conjunction.

Ask your friends to try to use because repeatedly three times, if they do not answer, you say this sentence and prove your intelligence!

6. FOR: This preposition can also be used as a conjunction to adjoin two simple sentences. Meaning is on account of.
Example:
i. Suresh could not participate in the meeting FOR he was ill at that time.

7. IF: This conjunction can be used to introduce a provisional or conditional phrase.
Example:
i. They cannot win the match IF they do not include Tendulkar in their team.

8. IT: This pronoun can also be used an conjunction.
Example:
i. He could not pass the civil service examination, IT may be a tough task for his real talents.

9. LEST: This is one of the conjunctions used to denote the meaning of in case.
Example:
i. He worried LEST he should be guilty.
ii. She reduced the volume of the television LEST his father should hear it.

10. OR: This conjunction is used in a sentence to bring in an alternative choice.
Example:
i. You can play rugby OR go tennis.

11. TILL: This conjunction is used to denote a state of time up to a time a particular incident happens.
Example:
i. He will study lesson TILL the time reached his target study level.

12. THAT: This conjunction is used to bring in a secondary clause
Example:
i. David is not clear THAT he’s up to the optimum level of health.

13. SINCE: This preposition can also be used as a conjunction to adjoin two simple sentences. Meaning is on account of.
Example:
i. Suresh could not participate in the meeting SINCE he was ill at that time.

14. STILL: This is a conjunction used to adjoin two simple sentences in the meaning of even now.
Example:
i. She has not been loving her STILL he waits for the last 10 years.

15. UNLESS: This is a conjunction in a sentence to join two phrases in the meaning of if not.
Example:
i. He cannot really win the civil services examination UNLESS he trained up in the Rai’s Institute in New Delhi.

16. UNTIL: This conjunction is used to denote a state of time up to a time a particular incident happens.
Example:
i. He will study lesson TILL the time reached his target study level.

17. WHETHER: This conjunction used in a sentence to bring in two choices.
Example:
i. I will not love you WHETHER you come by bike or car.

18. WHEN: This is a conjunction used in a sentence in the meaning of while or at the same time that.
Example:
i. He talks with her in cell phone WHEN he types a letter in the computer.

19. WHILE: This is a conjunction used in a sentence in the meaning of while or at the same time that.
Example:
i. He talks with her in cell phone WHILE he types a letter in the computer.

Next lesson is the continuation of this lesson. In the next lesson we will study about CONJUNCTIONAL PHRASES, okay.

Come on…

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