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Saturday, January 3, 2009

MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY-IMPORTANCE OF MEDICAL WORD ANALYSIS-LESSON 17

Medical terminology is a LANGUAGE helping us to learn medical science effectively. Medical terminology anlysis each word in medical science and divide each word into
1. SUFFIX
2. PREFIX
3. COMBINING VOWEL OR ROOT

By this division we can understand better about medical words.

IMPORTANCE OF MEDICAL WORD ANALYSIS:The first important foremost thing is to understand medical terminology by the technique ofword analysis method. Using division of words by this method makes us understand easilydifficult medical terms with relation to its meaning.The aim of this lesson is to analyze medical words or medical terminology.some medical words or medical terms are same in pronounciation, but their spellings aredifferent.For instance see these words:ilium and ileumthese are same in pronounciation, but the meanings are different.ilium is part of the hip bone. ileum is part of the small intestine.and note these words urethra and ureter, these two words resemble like the same word, butthe pronounciation and meanings are different, and even the spellings too.ureter (-UR-e-ter) is the one of the tubes leading from each kidney go into the urinarybladder. urethra (u-RE-thrah), this is a tube comes out fromt the urinary bladder tooutside the body i.e. bringing urine outside the body from the urinary bladderso medical terminology is like a new language, which is to be understood.2.

RELATION OF MEDICAL TERMS TO THE FUNCTION AND ANATOMY OF THE BODY:
Medical terminology explains the conditions of body and its work in healthy state and indisease state. for example, nephritis is a word, in this nephr- means kidney, and -itismeans inflammation, which means inflammation of the kidney. so we can easily remember thisword without just mugging up once we hear this word and its meaning. so one should not tryto mug up just medical words while learning, but try to understand the meaning of the partsof the word.

ANALYSIS OF MEDICAL WORDS:
To understand medical terminology, we should divide each word into its components such as,
1. ROOT or foundation of the word

2. PREFIX or WORD BEGINNING

3. SUFFIX or WORD ENDING

4. COMBINING VOWEL (/O/)

for example take one word, CARDIOLOGIST, in this word the ROOT is CARDI/, which means heart, and /O/ is the COMBINING VOWEL, and /LOGIST is the SUFFIX or WORD ENDING, so the meaning of the word is heart specialist.

now we study each of the component in detail, so it is necessary to learn medical terminology to understand the healthy and disease state.

OK LEARNERS...from the next lesson we will start to learn human anatomy and physiology

To go to the next lesson from here please click the link below

http://learn-free-medical-transcription.blogspot.com/2008/12/lesson-8-cell.html

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MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY-ROOTS AND COMBINING FORMS-LESSON 16

ROOT: This is the foundation of the word.  All medical terms consists of one or more ROOTS.eg. pulmonology in this word pulm/ is the ROOT, which means lung.  See some more examples:
1. gastritis (inflammation of the intestine) - gastr/o is the ROOT, which means intestine.
2. hepatitis (inflammation of the liver) - hepa/o is the root, which means liver
3. cardiology (study of heart) - cardi/0 means heart
4. adenoma (tumorous mass) - aden/o means gland
5. arthritis (inflammation of the joint) - arthr/o means joint
6. biology (study of life) - bio/o means life
7. carcinoma (cancerous tumor) - carcin/o means cancerous tumor
8. cardiology - cardi/o means heart
9. cephalic - cephal/o means head
10. incision - cis/o means cutting into
11. endocrine - crini/o means gland
12. cytology - cyt/o means cell
13. cystoscopy - cyst/o means bladder
14. dermatitis- derm/o means skin
15. dermatology - dermat/o means skin
16. electrocardiogram - electro/o means electricity
17. encephalopathy - encephal/o means head
18. enteritis (inflammation of the small intestine) - enter/o - means small intestine
19. erythrocyte (red blood cell) - erythr/o means red
20. gastrology (study of stomach) - gastr/o means stomach
21. diagnosis (complete knowledge) - gnos/o means knowledge
22. gynecology (study of woman)- gynec/o means female
23. hematology (study of blood)- hemat/o means blood
24. hematoma (blood tumor) - hem/o means blood
25. hepatitis (inflammation of the liver) hepat/o means liver
26. iatrogenic (state of unexpected side effects) iatr/o means unexpected
27. leukemia (abnormal increase of white blood cells) leuk/o white cell
28. nephrology (study of kidneys) nephr/o means kidney
29. neurology (study of nerves) neur/o means nerve
30. oncology (study of tumors) onc/o means tumor
31. ophthalmology (visual study of eyes) ophthalm/o means eyes
32. osteitis (inflammation of bones) oste/o means bone
33. pathology (microscopic examination of a death cells) path/o means death body
34. pediatrician (specialist in children) ped/o means child
35. psychology (study of mind) psych/o means mind
36. radiology (study of x-rays) radi/o means x-rays
37. renal (pertaining to kidneys) ren/o means kidney
38. rhinitis (study of nose) rhin/o means nose
39. sarcoma (malignant tumor) sarc/o means malignant
40. resection (resection or cutting back) sect/o means cutting
41. thrombocyte (clotting cells or platelets) thromb/o means clot
42. urology (study of urine) ur/o means urine

COMBINING VOWEL: In all these root we see the letter /O/, which combines root to the suffixor word ending. This attaches the root to the rest of the word to give a full word with one meaning.

now you can understand what is COMBINING FORMS AND ROOT, AND THE FUNCTION OF COMBINING VOWEL..in the next lesson we will study more about MEDICAL WORD ANALYSIS..ok come on...

To go to the next lesson from here please click the link below

http://learn-free-medical-transcription.blogspot.com/2009/01/lesson-17-importance-of-medical-word.html

The Longest Medical Word

Today, we will know about an interesting medical term in medical language. This post is just to know about a different thing in the medica...