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Friday, July 31, 2009

URINARY SYSTEM INFORMATION- TERMINOLOGIES-2-LESSON 80


In this lesson we will learn about more urological terminologies.
1. Azot/o means nitrogen
Azotemia is the abnormal condition of nitrogen in the blood. We can find this by a test called BUN (blood urea nitrogen) test of the blood.
2. Albumin/o means albumin.
Albuminemia-abnormal condition of albumin in the blood (albumin is a protein in the blood). In this condition albumin level in the blood is elevated abnormally.
Albumiuria-a condition in which albumin level is elevated in an abnormal level in the urine.
3. Bacteri/o means bacteria.
Bacteriuria-a condition in which more bacterias are present in the urine. It is a condition of infection.

4. Dips/o means thirst

Polydipsia-unnecessary or too much thirst due to diabetes.

5. Ket/o means ketones

Ketosis is a condition in which ketones are present in the urine.

5. Keton/o means ketones

Ketonuria-abnormal condition of ketones in the urine.
Ketoacidosis-abnormal condition of collection of acids in blood cells and tissues.

6. Lith/o means stone

Nephrolithiasis-abnormal condition of formation of stones in the kidneys.
Oliguria- very little urination
Nocturia-night urination

7. -poietin means formation of a substance

Erythropoietin-erythr/o means red. This hormone helps to form red blood cells.

8. Py/o means pus

Pyuria-abnormal condition of pus in the urine.

9. Ur/o means urea or urine

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)-this hormone is secreted by the pituitary gland to quell diuresis. Water reabsorption inside the kidney takes place by the action of this hormone.
Diuresis-abnormal condition of undue urination.
Enuresis-an abnormal condition of inability to control urination i.e. bedwetting.
Uremia-abnormal condition of collection of urea in the blood

10. Urin/o means urine

Urinary tract infection (UTI)-abnormal condition of infection in the urinary tract by virus or bacteria.

Urinary incontinence-An abnormal condition of not capable to manage urination.

Stress incontinence-an abnormal condition of tension on the bladder opening while sneezing or coughing.

Urgency incontinence-an abnormal condition of not capable to retain urination when feeling the urge to urinate.

11. -uria means voiding or urination

Hematuria-abnormally blood comes with urine while voiding
Dysuria-abnormal difficulty to urinate
Glycosuria-abnormal condition of excessive sugars in the urine
Anuria-abnormal condition of no urination
Polyuria-abnormal condition of excessive urination

Note: Polyuria, glycosuria, and polydipsia are the symptoms of diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus.

In the next lesson we will learn about Urinalysis. OK.

Come on…

To go to the next lesson from here please click the link below


URINARY SYSTEM INFORMATION- TERMINOLOGIES-LESSON 79


In this lesson we will learn about medical terminologist of URINARY SYSTEM.
1. Cyst/o means urinary bladder.
Cystitis-inflammation of urinary bladder.
Cystoscope-process of visual examination of urinary bladder
Cystocele-hernia of the bladder
Cystectomy-surgical excision of urinary bladder

2. Calic/o means calix

Caliceal-pertaining to the calix or calyx.

3. Cali/o means calix

Caliectasis-dilation of calix.

4. Glomerul/o means glomerulus

Glomerular-pertaining to glomerulus. (a mass of capillaries).

Meat/o means meatus or opening.

Meatotomy-surgical opening of urinary meatus.
Meatal stenosis-narrowing of the urinary opening.

6. Nephr/o means kidney

Nephrotomography-visual examination of kidneys
Nephrology-study of kidney and its diseases
Nephrolithotomy-Formation of stones inside the kidney
Nephrosclerosis-hardening of arteries in the kidney
Nephropathy-disease condition of nephrons
Nephrohypertrophy-kidney enlargement
Hydronephrosis-accumulation of water in the kidneys.

7. Pyel/o means renal pelvis

Pyelolithotomy-a surgical opening of renal pelvis to remove the stones.
Pyelogram-radiological examination of renal pelvis.

8. Ren/o means kidney

Renal-pertaining to kidney
Renal transplant-transplantation of affected kidney with a donor's kidney.
Renal calculus-kidney stone
Renal dialysis-filtration of kidneys using a machine

9. Trigon/o means trigone

Trigonitis-inflammation of the trigone

10. Urethr/o means urethra

Urethral-pertaining to urethra
Urethritis-inflammation of urethra
Urethroplasty-surgical procedure to repair urethra

11. Vesic/o means urinary bladder

Vesicourethral reflex-backflow of urine from the bladder to ureter
Perivesical-around the urinary bladder

In the next lesson we will learn about more urinary system medical terminologies. OK.

Come on…

To go to the next lesson from here please click the link below


URINARY SYSTEM INFORMATION- TERMINOLOGIES AND THEIR MEANINGS-LESSON 78


This post is the continuation of the lesson 76
17. Hilum-a hole in the ground part of an organ where blood vessels and nerves go into and go away. A pit in the kidney where from blood vessels exit and enter.
18. Kidney-bean-shaped organ located behind each side of left and right the abdominal cavity on either side of the backbone, which is two in number and in the lumbar region (retroperitoneal area).
19. Meatus-canal or opening.
20. Micturition-act of urination (voiding)
21. Medulla-inner region of the kidney
22. Medullary-pertaining to the medulla.

23. Nitrogenous wastes-the chemical waste excreted in the urine that contains nirogen.

24. Renal pelvis-innermost compilation area of the kidney.

25. Renal artery-carrier of blood to the kidney.

26. Renal tubules-microscopic tube like structures inside the kidney where urine is created. Reabsorption also takes place here only.

27. Renal vein-carrier of blood away to the kidney.

28. Renin-a hormone secreted by kidney, which raises blood pressure by narrowing the blood vessels.

29. Trigone-ureters enter and the urethra ways out in this triangular area in the bladder.

30. Uric acid-nitrogenous waste emitted in the urine.

31. Urea-most important nitrogenous waste excreted in the urine.

32. Urethra-a small tube leads from the bladder to the urinary meatus.

33. Ureters-two tubes show the way from the kidney to the bladder

34. Urinary bladder-a pouch like structure that grasp urine.

35. Voiding-micturition or urine coming out.

In the next lesson we will learn about urinary system medical terminologies. OK.

Come on…

To go to the next lesson from here please click the link below


URINARY SYSTEM INFORMATION- TERMINOLOGIES AND THEIR MEANINGS-LESSON 77


In this lesson we will learn about the important Urinary system words and its meanings.
1. Aorta-a big blood vessel
2. Artery-asmaller branches of aorta
3. Aretriole-a smaller artery (a branch of artery)
4 Bowman's capsule-A goblet-shaped capsule enclosing each glomerulus
5. Calix or calyx (singular)-A cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis.
6. Calices-pleural word for calix or calyx
7. Catheter-a tube used for removing or injecting fluids.

8. Cortex-superficial or external region

9. Renal Cortex- superficial or external region of the kidney

10. Cortical-pertaining to the cortex

11. Creatinine-a nitrogenous waste sent out in urine i.e. devastation product of muscle metabolism.

12. Electrolyte-a chemical substance that carries electrical charge in a liquid

13. Erythropoietin-a hormone produced by the kidney to fire up the production or red blood cells (RBCs).

14. Filtration-a process of the kidney in which substances like sugars, salts, water (also nitrogenous wastes like creatinine and urea) are filtered from the blood and excreted out as urine. But important salts and water are not fully excreted out but in a very minute amount only, the rest of the salts and water, sugar retain again into the blood.

15. Glomerulus-minute capillaries are intertwined and resembles like a ball in the cortex of the kidney. (capillaries are minute blood vessels).

16. Glomeruli-pleural form of glomerulus.

17. Hilum-a hole in the ground part of an organ where blood vessels and nerves go into and go away. A pit in the kidney where from blood vessels exit and enter.


Next post continues this lesson. Okay.


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