PSYCHIATRY: Many people want to know the idea about Psychiatry. Then what is Psychiatry?
Psychiatry is the branch of medicine that deals with the study, treatment and prevention of mental illness. This term was first found by the German physician Johann Christian Reil in 1808. This has been explained as an intermediatary between the world from a social context from the perspective of those who are mentally ill. Comparable with surgery, internal medicine, pediatrics, and obstetrics this is a speciality of clinical medicine.
Who are Psychiatrists?
Psychiatrists complete the medical training as same as other physicians and receive an M.D.degree and their training is around field of medicine. They specialize in doctor-patient relationship and are trained to different levels in field of psychotherapy and other therapeutic communication techniques.
But Psychiatrists differ from Psychologists. Psychiatrists can counsel patients, prescribe medication, utilize neuroimaging in a research setting, order laboratory tests and conduct physical examinations. Child Psychiatrists specialize in the treatment of children, forensic Psychiatrists specialize in the legal aspects of psychiatry, such as determination of mental competence in criminal cases.
Psychoanalysts complete 3 to 5 years of training in a special psychotherapeutic technique called psychoanalysis in which the patient freely relates her or his thoughts to the analyst, who does not interfere in the flow of thoughts.
Who is a Psychologist? What is the difference between psychologist and psychiatrist?
Psychologist is a nonmedical person who is trained in methods of psychotherapy, analysis, and research and completes a Ph.D degree in a specific filed of interest, such as experimental psychology, social psychology or clinical psychology.
A clinical psychology is nothing but patient-oriented psychology. A clinical psychologist can use various methods of psychotherapy to treat patients but, unlike the psychiatrist, cannot use drugs or electroconvulsive therapy without the permission of a physician.
There are different kinds of psychiatries in the field of medicine in which Psychiatrists are dealing about in daily life. Some of the psychiatries are mentioned below:
1. Child and adolescent psychiatry:- This is a branch of psychiatry which specializes with children, teenagers and their families.
2. Biological psychiatry:- This is an approach to psychiatry that deals with mental disorder in terms of the biological function of the nervous system.
3. Forensic psychiatry:- This deals with the interface between law and psychiatry.
5. Social psychiatry:- It is the branch of medicine that deals with the interpersonal and cultural context of metal disorder and wellbeing.
6. Emergency psychiatry:- This is the cilinical application of psychiatry in emergency settings.
7. Orthomolecular psychiatry:- It mainly explains the practice of preventing and curing disease by giving optimal amounts of substances which are natural to our body.
8. Military psychiatry:- It covers important conditions of psychiatry and mental disorders within the military context.
9. Geriatric psychiatry:- This is a branch of psychiatry which deals with the study, eradication, prevention and treatment of mental disorders in humans with older age.
10. Cross-cultural psychiatry:- This is a branch of psychiatry which concerns with the cultural and thnic context of mental disorder and psychiatric services.
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