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Sunday, August 21, 2011

Abbreviations And Descriptions Of Diseases -- Lesson 258

In this post we would learn about some abbreviations and descriptions of diseases. The abbreviation of bx is Biopsy, Derm. is Dermatology, PPD is Purified proteinderivative, PUVA is Psoralen-ultraviolet A light therapy, SLE is Systematic lupus erythematosus, DLE is Discoid lupus erythematosus, subq is subcutaneous.

The descriptions of some of the diseases are:
1. Candidiasis: [Candidiasis means yeast-like fungus]: This fungus is generally present on mucous membranes, skin, and vaginal mucosa. Under such conditions (more warmth; administration of birth control pills, antibiotics and corticosteroids; debilitated states; infancy), and it can turn to a pathogen and cause localized or generalized mucocutaneous disease. The examples of such are paronychial lesions, lesions in areas of the body where (groin, perianal, axillary, inframammary, and interdigital), rubbing opposed surfaces is common, thrush (white plaques attached to oral or vaginal mucous membranes), and vulvovaginitis.

2. Cellulitis: With severe inflammation of the dermal and subcutaneous layers of the skin, this is a common nonsupporative infection of connective tissue. Cellulitis appears on an extremity as a reddish-brown area of edematous skin. The cause of entry for bacteria in most cases are caused by streptococci of which a surgical wound, skin ulcer, puncture, or patch of dermatitis occur. Therapy entails rest, elevation, hot wet packs, and penicillin. Because of the infection may extend directly to the brain, any cellulitis on the face should be given in special attention.

3. Mycosis fungoides: By the infiltration of malignant lymphocytes, this is a rare chronic skin condition. The generalized erythroderma and large, reddish raised tumors that spread and ulcerate are all characterized. In few cases, the malignant cells may involve lymph nodes and other organs. Treatment with tropical nitrogen , mustard and radiation can be effective in controlling the disease.

Physical Examination of the Skin:
There are a variety of lesions which were seen on the face, shoulders, and back. The predominant lesions are pustules on an inflammatory base. Over the chin and forehead, so many pustules are confluent or running together. On the face, Comedones are present especially along the nasolabial folds. On the lower cheeks, and chin inflammatory papules are present. Large abscesses and ulcerated cysts are present over the upper shoulder area. So many number of scars are present over the face and upper back.

In the next post we would come through combining forms, suffixes and their meaning.

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