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Saturday, December 19, 2009

COMMON LAB VALUES-BLOOD-LESSON 137


Hematology Values
HEMATOCRIT (HCT)
Normal Adult Female Range: 37 - 47%
Optimal Adult Female Reading: 42%
Normal Adult Male Range 40 - 54%
Optimal Adult Male Reading: 47
Normal Newborn Range: 50 - 62%
Optimal Newborn Reading: 56

HEMOGLOBIN (HGB)
Normal Adult Female Range: 12 - 16 g/dl
Optimal Adult Female Reading: 14 g/dl
Normal Adult Male Range: 14 - 18 g/dl
Optimal Adult Male Reading: 16 g/dl
Normal Newborn Range: 14 - 20 g/dl
Optimal Newborn Reading: 17 g/dl

MCH (Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin)
Normal Adult Range: 27 - 33 pg
Optimal Adult Reading: 30

MCV (Mean Corpuscular Volume)
Normal Adult Range: 80 - 100 fl
Optimal Adult Reading: 90
Higher ranges are found in newborns and infants

MCHC (Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration)
Normal Adult Range: 32 - 36 %
Optimal Adult Reading: 34
Higher ranges are found in newborns and infants

R.B.C. (Red Blood Cell Count)
Normal Adult Female Range: 3.9 - 5.2 mill/mcl
Optimal Adult Female Reading: 4.55
Normal Adult Male Range: 4.2 - 5.6 mill/mcl
Optimal Adult Male Reading: 4.9
Lower ranges are found in Children, newborns and infants

W.B.C. (White Blood Cell Count)
Normal Adult Range: 3.8 - 10.8 thous/mcl
Optimal Adult Reading: 7.3
Higher ranges are found in children, newborns and infants.

PLATELET COUNT
Normal Adult Range: 130 - 400 thous/mcl
Optimal Adult Reading: 265
Higher ranges are found in children, newborns and infants

NEUTROPHILS and NEUTROPHIL COUNT - this is the main defender of the body against infection and antigens. High levels may indicate an active infection.
Normal Adult Range: 48 - 73 %
Optimal Adult Reading: 60.5
Normal Children’s Range: 30 - 60 %
Optimal Children’s Reading: 45

LYMPHOCYTES and LYMPHOCYTE COUNT - Elevated levels may indicate an active viral infections such as measles, rubella, chickenpox, or infectious mononucleosis.
Normal Adult Range: 18 - 48 %
Optimal Adult Reading: 33
Normal Children’s Range: 25 - 50 %
Optimal Children’s Reading: 37.5

MONOCYTES and MONOCYTE COUNT - Elevated levels are seen in tissue breakdown or chronic infections, carcinomas, leukemia (monocytic) or lymphomas.
Normal Adult Range: 0 - 9 %
Optimal Adult Reading: 4.5

EOSINOPHILS and EOSINOPHIL COUNT - Elevated levels may indicate an allergic reactions or parasites.
Normal Adult Range: 0 - 5 %
Optimal Adult Reading: 2.5

BASOPHILS and BASOPHIL COUNT - Basophilic activity is not fully understood but it is known to carry histamine, heparin and serotonin. High levels are found in allergic reactions.
Normal Adult Range: 0 - 2 %
Optimal Adult Reading: 1

In the next post we will see about normal electrolyte values. Okay.

To go to the next lesson from here please click the link below

NUCLEAR MEDICINE-RADIOACTIVITY-LESSON 136


Radioactivity:
The giving out of power or energy in the outward appearance of elements or beams originating from the center of a matter is called radioactivity.
Radionuclides:
A radionuclide is a material that imparts elevated power particles or beams seeing that it falls to pieces. Radionuclides are created in what's more a nuclear reactor or an electrically exciting substance to gather speed. Not later than glow with established particles bring about commotion and wavering.
Half-life period:
Half-life is the point in time or occasion necessary intended for electrically excited substances that are radionuclides to go down partial that is half of its radioactivity by breakdown.
Why Radionuclides are Important in Medicine Field?
1. The information of the half-life of a radionuclide is of great consequence to be decisive how far the radioactive material will send out radioactive material will give off radioactivity in a patient's body.
2. The half-life is obliged to designate extensive adequate amount to make available for an investigative illustrations at the same time to curtail patient contact to radiation of the patient. For instance the half-life period of technetium 99 m (99m Tc) is about six hours is a perfect radionuclide used in investigative illustrations through imaging technique in medicine.
3. Radionuclides give out three kinds of radioactive particles such as alpha, beta particles, and gamma. In all the three gamma rays have the greatest break through power comparing with alpha rays and beta rays. Gamma rays are further having ionizing power and convenient to physicians together in the diagnosis and the management a disease.
The next lesson will describe about nuclear medicine tests. Okay.
Come on.
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