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Wednesday, November 27, 2013

Past Perfect Conditional Statements

Prior Lesson

In this post we come to learn about ‘past perfect conditional statements’ and usage of ‘unless’ in conditional statements.  We use the ‘past perfect conditional statements’ only for past tense cases. In one past of the sentence we use ‘future in the past’ auxiliaries like would, have, ought to have, etc., and any past perfect or past perfect continuous form of verb in the other as shown in the following examples. 
1. Wouldn’t I have gone to the spot if you had told me earlier?
2. If the teacher had not guided me, I couldn’t have come in this position.
3. The doctor might not have stumbled upon this medicine if his patients had not been complaining about the ever increasing temperature.
4. The actors ought to have reported for shooting early this morning if the film Director had been reminding them about it for 2 days.
5. I could have killed that snake if I had had a stick in my hand.
6. You could have borrowed your friend’s notes if you had not attended relished it.
7. I must have put too much of salt in the fish curry if the guests had not relished it.

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Use of ‘unless’ in conditional statements.
‘Unless’ is equal to ‘if not’. Unless has a negative meaning.
Here are some of the examples:
1. Couldn’t you go to the practice classes regularly unless you were sick.
2. I shall go to the practice class unless I am sick.
3. I will spoil the pudding unless you stop your adverse criticism.
4. You should not play outside unless there was good sun-shine.
5. You would not come first in the class unless you had prepared well.
6. The crowd ought to have kept quiet unless they had disliked the speakers.

In the next post we would learn about ‘usage of never in a sentence’.

Wednesday, November 20, 2013

Past Conditional Statements

Now in this post we would learn about ‘past conditional statements’.  The auxiliaries like would, should, could or might is used in one part of the complex sentence and any past or continuous form of verb including auxiliary cum verb or past perfect form, in the other. But, in the meanwhile the tense of the statement remains in present time. Let us study the following examples from the view of the period of the time of the statement:

1. Would you help my daughter in her studies? (simple present tense)
2. I would help him if he asked me.
3. I couldn’t help her if she did not ask for it.
Note: Under the present conditional statements there is no difference between the above three statements. In this case the auxiliaries used are different. Another way of determining this types of sentences are if we use a past equivalent form of auxiliary in one part of the sentence, we must use a past form of verb in the other. Yet, the entire sentence will belong to “present time”. If the verb used in one part is of present form, the auxiliary used in the other part must also belongs to the present tense. We should remember one thing that ‘will’ and ‘shall’ are also simple present tense auxiliaries used for giving orders or commands in present time.

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Now let us see the following examples:
1. Could I talk to you if I contact through your mobile number?
2. The students should not be arguing unnecessarily if they wanted the exam.
3. Nancy could withdraw her name from the dance competition if it was necessary.
4. The teacher might oblige you if you were persistent.
5. The bright students should help the weak students if the latter were asking for it, shouldn’t they?
6. Louis could not come first in the race even if she put in extra energy, might she?
7. If she felt sick, she should not attend the class.
8. The doctor would attend to the patient if he had felt very uneasy.

In the next post we would learn about ‘past perfect conditional statements’.

Wednesday, November 13, 2013

Conditional Statements

In the prior lesson, we have read about 'how to use 'Dare' as an auxiliary verb'.  Now, let us come to study about a new topic namely ‘conditional statements’. 

What is a Conditional Statement?

A conditional statement is a statement or an undertaking wherein we agree or obey to do a work on the fulfillment of some conditions mentioned in the statement.  The tense rules are strictly followed in this types of conditional statement also called a complex sentence. In this type of complex sentences we use all the universal auxiliaries. These conditional statements are classified into three categories mainly. They are 1. Open conditional statements 2. Past conditional statements and 3. Past perfect conditional statements  Now let us see how is this open conditional statements used in the sentences.  We are learn medical transcription lessons in this blog.

OPEN CONDITIONAL STATEMENTS: This statement is made only for simple present tense cases or instances. Here the auxiliaries that are used are CAN, MAY, SHALL, MUST, WILL or OUGHT TO in one part of the complex sentence and any present form of verb including the verbs in auxiliary forms in the other along with the conjunction as shown in the following examples.

1. Will you help my brother in his studies?
2. I shall help him if he asks me.
3. I cannot help him if he does not ask me.
4. Can I see you if I come to your office before 5 p.m.?
5. You may catch headache if you walk in this hot day.
6. You must take food if it gets hunger. Don’t take fasting.
7. They ought not to play the game if the board is not there.
8. Can’t the boy reach the ground if he runs now?
9. You must work very hard if you want to win a place in the merit list.
10. I will look after my puppy dog, if you open the door.
11. The guests ought to attend the party if others expect it.
12. He shall do this job if the doctor orders him, Shan’t he?
13. Your friend cannot solve this problem even if he tries, can she?
14. How can Patrick make it to the finals if he doesn’t try hard?
15. If I write fast, can’t I leave the classroom hall early?

Note: We should not only use the conjunction in the middle of a complex sentence. If it is very close to the meaning or appropriate then we may start the sentence with the conjunction.

In the next post we would learn about the past conditional statements.

Monday, November 11, 2013

How To Use 'Dare' in Sentences as an Auxiliary Verb?

DARE:   Dare is an auxiliary and also a verb. The uses of dare as an auxiliary are: 1. When we want to give the exact meaning “be brave enough to----“ in a sentence. 2. This auxiliary is used only in simple present tense. Related to the auxiliary verb ‘dare’ only one rule is observed.
In simple present tense, the auxiliary verb ‘dare’ is used in present form. Example of the structure of the sentence is: 1. How dare you talk to me like this? 2. I dare not insult you madam. Someone has misinformed you. Note: In the general questions form, we can use only ‘how’, we cannot use other interrogatives. In the above question the starting is with ‘how’ but it need not to be with dare. It may be with any other suitable present auxiliaries.  We are learning free MT course in this blog.

Some more examples are given below.
1. Do you dare touch a live tiger?
2. The dog dare not attack the visitors.
3. That man dare not hit my daughter in my presence.
4. They dare not proceed on the talks without me.
5. Does my brother dare disobey me?

In the last lesson How to use 'NEED' in Sentences as an Auxiliary Verb? In this post, we came through the ideas of some of the auxiliary verbs. From the next post we would try to learn about some of the conditional statements.

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