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Sunday, August 18, 2013

Types of Sentences

A sentence is the tool of expression of a clear-cut thoughts or feelings of one. We can express our thought or feeling of our mind using a sentence, which may be in any form in structure. The expression will differ situation to situation. Based on the usage of sentences the structure of the sentence will differ.

In general, the structure of the sentence in English language are of three types, such as:

1. SIMPLE SENTENCE
2. COMPLEX SENTENCE
3. COMPOUND OR MIXED SENTENCE

All sentences are in the two forms that is one may ask any question and the other may tell the answer. So one sentence will always be a question or an answer. If a sentence is a question, it should have one INTERROGATIVE part in it. Interrogative utterances are expressed in the words, such as

1. WHAT
2 WHICH
3. WHO
4. WHOM
5. WHOSE
6. WHERE
7. WHEN
8. WHY
9. HOW
10. HOW MUCH
11. HOW MANY
12. HOW LONG
13. HOW FAR

INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS: In the above list of Interrogative words WHAT, WHICH, WHO, WHOM, WHOSE, WHERE, WHEN, and WHY are called interrogative pronouns.

INTERROGATIVE ADVERBS: In the above list of Interrogative words HOW, HOW MUCH, HOW MANY, HOW LONG, and HOW FAR are called Interrogative adverbs.

In the next lesson we will learn about TYPES OF SENTENCES one by one. Okay.

Come on…

Tags:  sentence types, types of sentence, compound sentences, complex sentences, simple sentences, complex compound sentences, sentences in english, kinds of sentences

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Tuesday, August 13, 2013

Interjections in English Grammar

Interjection is a mark or icon or symbol used in sentences to illustrate an unexpected reaction such as happiness, shock, or distress.

This sign of interjection can be used with a single word in a sentence or can put after a sentence too to express that illustration of the unexpected reaction.

Whenever a skilled actor acts in an emotional scene, he probably needs to give modulations in his dialogue delivery like raise his voice to express his intense anger lower his voice to express smooth romantic feelings. Simultaneously he will change his body gestures according to the voice raising and lowering. These changes while writing a sentence can be expressed only with the use of INTERJECTION!

Now we will see some examples:-

1. Wow! I won the championship.
2. What a great poet Shakespeare is!
3. Alas! I lost my cycle.
4. Oh! How tall is the building?

This lesson completes PARTS OF SPEECH. From the next lesson we are going to learn about STRUCTURE OF SENTENCES. Okay.

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Thursday, August 8, 2013

Articles in Grammar

ARTICLE is a single word such as A, AN, THE are used in a sentence to indicate the quantity of the nouns, especially common nouns. In more, an article explains about the numerals of the general nouns.


For example, when we use a general or common noun such as chair, computer, table, girl, woman etc., in a sentence, we should put ‘a’ before that common noun. A singular common noun should be signified using ‘a’ before it.

In a sentence common noun is signified by A, AN, THE, SOME, FEW, ANY, and NONE. These three are the articles used in English language.

In the above three A, AN, THE, A and AN are indefinite articles i.e. as an indefinite article A and AN are used to represent all common nouns in vague manner. THE is a definite represent a common noun specifically.

USE OF “A”:

Represents a singular noun. “A” is an articles word used to signify singular common nouns in a sentence.

Examples:

1. There is A chair.
2. A car has been standing near my house since last month.
3. I should buy A new computer this month.

USE OF “AN”:

Represents a singular noun. “AN” is an article used to signify a singular noun as like “a” in a sentence, but only before the common nouns starting with the vowels such as A, E, I, O, U only. The common nouns starting with A, E, I, O, U in a sentence must be implied using “AN”.

For example, take some words starting with the letters of vowels A, E, I, O, U: Airplane, Elephant, Indian, Owl, Umbrella.

1. I saw AN airplane above the sky five minutes back.
2. AN elephant was grown up by my father.
3. I am AN Indian.
4. There is AN owl in the olive tree.
5. We all need AN umbrella in the rainy days.

USE OF “THE”:

1. In a sentence after using “A” or “AN”, the same singular noun specified again in the sentence must be given “THE” before it. . Represents plural nouns i.e. they signify more than ten in number in a sentence.
For example see the paragraph,
I went to buy a computer in a shop. I selected one computer and bought THE computer in THE shop where I did see.

2. Anything that is specific or only one in number such as any city name, country name, mountain or any other geographical landmark, village name, institution or organization name must be denoted with “THE” before it.
Examples:
1. The Tajmahal.
2. The Alps Mountain.
3. The United Nations Organization.

USE OF “SOME”, “FEW”, and “ANY”:

These articles are used to signify the number of common nouns more than one but below 10.
Examples:
1. Rain comes in summer at FEW places.
2. You can answer ANY of these questions.
3. SOME of the sentences are interrogative.

USE OF “NONE”:
This is an article used to signify zero number of common nouns in a sentence.
Example:
1. NONE of the birds are animals.
2. NONE of the answer is correct in your answer paper.

This lesson concludes the articles. In the next lesson we will study about one of the parts of speech INTERJECTION. Okay.

Tags:

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Monday, August 5, 2013

Alternative Cancer Treatments

There are many kinds of alternative treatment methods to treat cancer all over the world.  The conventional alternative cancer treatment methods are of using therapies like chemotherapy, chemoembolization method, radiation therapy, hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy, and immunotherapy.  Even some methods of alternative cancer treatment techniques are costly.  They are useful in lessening the pain and discomfort of the patient.  In many cases, these alternative treatment methods give devastating and overwhelming side effects after it, but they are in no way important in reducing the symptoms of cancer.

Chemotherapy is a conventional method of treating cancer using drugs.  These chemotherapeutic drugs will obliterate and demolish cancer cells by obstructing and slowing down the development and duplication of the cancer cells.  Some chemotherapeutic drugs are Accutane, Mesnex, and PROCRIT.

Chemoembolization is another alternative treatment regimen and that conveys chemotherapeutic drugs in a straight line to a mass or tumor.  The contact or coverage of the treatment regimen drug should be avoided to the other nearby healthy regions of the cancer area.  In this method of treatment, chemotherapeutic drug is directly infused to the cancer area from side to side using a catheter by means of image guidance.  This method of direct application of drugs to the cancer area is used generally to cure colorectal cancer, liver cancer, breast cancer, and prostate cancer.

Radiation therapy is performed after a resistance testing before that, which will help the physician to determine the right mixture of chemotherapy drugs previous to commence handling treatment to the cancer patient. This resistance test would be of helpful in deciding which drugs will work for the patient and also to lessen needless toxicity and side effects.  This test also helps to initiate the best useful chemotherapy routine for the patient’s needs.  To perform this test, a sample of the tumor is removed and tested against a variety of chemotherapy drugs. If the tumor cells grow in the presence of a drug, there is a high likelihood of resistance to that drug. By testing tissues and drugs outside of the body, we can minimize complications and target cancer cells as aggressively as possible from the start.

Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC):  This method of treatment is to treat mainly for ovarian and intestinal cancers.  In this method of alternative treatment of cancer, the physician who is doing the surgery eliminates cancer tissues gradually. The main objective of this type of treatment is to have keep only negligible tumor tissue rest in the patient. Subsequent to this alternative cancer treatment, chemotherapy is administered by way of the stomach for about one and half hours. The main objective of this type of chemotherapy is to administer an intense quantity of chemotherapy in a straight line to the cancer affected area in the stomach.  It is particularly noticeable to avoid the contact of other healthy body tissues.

Immunotherapy:  This type of alternative cancer treatment mainly stimulates, augments,  or restrains a particular immune response in the patient’s body.  These therapies are intended to bring out or increase an immune response.  There are two types of immunotherapies, such as activation immunotherapies and suppression immunotherapies.  The former one activates a particular immune response in the body and the second one reduces or suppresses a particular immune response in the body.  Immnomodulators are the vigorous agents of the immunotherapy.

Tags:  alternative brain cancer treatment, alternative brain cancer treatments, alternative cancer treatment center, alternative cervical cancer treatment, alternative colon cancer treatments, alternative liver cancer treatments, alternative medicine cancer treatment, alternative prostate cancer treatment


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Saturday, August 3, 2013

Conjunctional Idioms

CONJUNCTIONAL SETS:
Conjunction is a word used in sentences a part of speech to joint two sentences. In simple, conjunction used to adjoin two simple sentences. There are single words conjunctions such as AND, AFTER, BUT, BECAUSE, BEFORE, FOR, IF, IT, LEST, OR, TILL, THAT, SINCE, STILL, UNLESS, UNTIL, WHETHER, WHEN, WHILE, they are used to connect two simple sentences, AND is the one conjunction which adjoins two words like nouns or two pronouns.

Now we see two or more words conjunctions that are called conjunction idioms and conjunction duos.

CONJUNCTIONAL SETS:

Conjunctional sets are two words their duty in a sentence as a part of speech is to adjoin two simple sentences. Important conjunctional duos are as follows:
1. EITHER…OR
2. BOTH…AND
3. NEITHER…NOR
4. NO SOONER…THAN
5. THOUGH…YET
6. WHETHER…OR

Now we will see each of these conjunctional duos with examples one by one:

1. EITHER…OR: This is a conjunction duo used in sentences to introduce two options or choices, sometimes used to denote more than two alternatives too. This duo is opposite and gives positive meaning of the pair neither…nor.
Examples:
To introduce two choices in a sentence:
i. You should try EITHER engineering OR medical subject.
ii. Aamir can act EITHER Maniratnam’s movie OR Karan Johan’s movie in the next six months using his call-sheets.
To introduce more than two alternatives:
i. They can select EITHER one silk saree OR a polyester saree OR a woolen saree for the bridegroom.

2. BOTH…AND: This duo can be used in sentences to adjoin two adjectives or two adverbs or two nouns.
Examples:
To affix two adjectives:
i. Barbarians are BOTH cruel AND also uncivilized.
ii. Mahatma was BOTH disciplined AND punctual in all of his daily activities.
To adjoin two adverbs:
i. Varalakshmi walks BOTH slowly AND tiredly.
ii. Sasi lives BOTH honestly and courageously.
To connect two nouns:
i. BOTH Krishna AND Prabha are husband and wife.
ii. BOTH Rajini AND Kamal are superstars of India.

3. NEITHER…NOR: This conjunction duo is used to introduce two choices in a sentence to denote that they both are not true or happened actually. This duo is opposite and gives negative meaning of the pair either…or.
i. Joseph is NEITHER clever NOR a fool.
ii. Sharukh likes NEITHER tea NOR coffee.
We can use NEITHER in the negative meaning before verbs, pronouns, and adjectives.

4. NO SOONER…THAN: This conjunctional duo is used to denote an incident happens at once another action happens.
Example:
i. NO SOONER the police came, THAN the local rowdies ran out of the road.
ii. NO SOONER Rajini appears on the screen, THAN fans claps and whistles in the theater.

5. THOUGH…YET: This conjunctional duo is used to denote the meaning of “even though” in a sentence. The sentence probably starts always with “THOUGH”.
i. THOUGH he is a poor student, YET he tried hard and win the IAS examination.
ii. THOUGH I do not like his partnership, YET I joined him in my company only because of my father’s compulsion.

6. WHETHER…OR: This conjunctional pair is used to denote a condition of selection between “okay for anything” or “denial for anything” in a sentence. This is a condition of range between yes for one thing and no for another.
Example:
i. I must decide my college studies WHETHER to continue OR to stop it due to my family bad economical condition.
ii. My lover asked me WHETHER she should marry me OR to marry his uncle’s son, and I shocked of her question.
iii. My mother asked me WHETHER you need tea OR coffee.

Next lesson is the continuation of this lesson that is CONJUNCTIONAL IDIOMS. Okay

Tags:  in conjunction, conjunction with, and conjunction, in conjunction with, what is conjunction, coordinating conjunction

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Friday, August 2, 2013

Conjunction in English Grammar

Conjunction is a part of speech that combines two simple sentences. It may join two words in a sentence other than two verbs.

For example

1. Raju came to school AND Ramu came to cinema.

The two simple sentences

Raju came to school, Ramu came to cinema are combined by a word AND (conjunction).
Some simple single word conjunctions

1. AND
2. AFTER
3. BUT
4. BECAUSE
5. BEFORE
6. FOR
7. IF
8. IT
9. LEST
10. OR
11. TILL
12. THAT
13. SINCE
14. STILL
15. UNLESS
16. UNTIL
17. WHETHER
18. WHEN
19. WHILE

We will see every single word conjunctions now with examples.

1. AND: A conjunction used to join two simple sentences or two nouns or two pronouns.
Examples:
i. Ravi AND Sasi are good friends. (joining two nouns).
ii. We went to temple AND they went to a movie. (joining two simple sentences).

2. AFTER: This conjunction and also a preposition can be used in a sentence to denote an action happening at a time following to a recommended time.
Example:
i. Anita and Arumugam came to the marriage function AFTER they attended a birthday party.

3. BUT: This conjunction also can be used to join two sentences.
Example:
i. I did attend the tuition, BUT not attended yoga class the same day.

4. BEFORE: This conjunction and also a preposition can be used in a sentence to denote an action happening at a time following to a recommended time.
Example:
i. Anita and Arumugam came to the marriage function BEFORE they attended a birthday party.

5. BECAUSE: This conjunction is used to adjoin to simple sentences.
Example:
i. Suresh could not participate in the meeting BECAUSE he was ill at that time.

FUNNY NOTE: Can use the word consecutively three times in a sentence? Yes, you can. See the sentence below:

In the beginning of a sentence we cannot use the word BECAUSE BECAUSE BECAUSE is a conjunction.

Ask your friends to try to use because repeatedly three times, if they do not answer, you say this sentence and prove your intelligence!

6. FOR: This preposition can also be used as a conjunction to adjoin two simple sentences. Meaning is on account of.
Example:
i. Suresh could not participate in the meeting FOR he was ill at that time.

7. IF: This conjunction can be used to introduce a provisional or conditional phrase.
Example:
i. They cannot win the match IF they do not include Tendulkar in their team.

8. IT: This pronoun can also be used an conjunction.
Example:
i. He could not pass the civil service examination, IT may be a tough task for his real talents.

9. LEST: This is one of the conjunctions used to denote the meaning of in case.
Example:
i. He worried LEST he should be guilty.
ii. She reduced the volume of the television LEST his father should hear it.

10. OR: This conjunction is used in a sentence to bring in an alternative choice.
Example:
i. You can play rugby OR go tennis.

11. TILL: This conjunction is used to denote a state of time up to a time a particular incident happens.
Example:
i. He will study lesson TILL the time reached his target study level.

12. THAT: This conjunction is used to bring in a secondary clause
Example:
i. David is not clear THAT he’s up to the optimum level of health.

13. SINCE: This preposition can also be used as a conjunction to adjoin two simple sentences. Meaning is on account of.
Example:
i. Suresh could not participate in the meeting SINCE he was ill at that time.

14. STILL: This is a conjunction used to adjoin two simple sentences in the meaning of even now.
Example:
i. She has not been loving her STILL he waits for the last 10 years.

15. UNLESS: This is a conjunction in a sentence to join two phrases in the meaning of if not.
Example:
i. He cannot really win the civil services examination UNLESS he trained up in the Rai’s Institute in New Delhi.

16. UNTIL: This conjunction is used to denote a state of time up to a time a particular incident happens.
Example:
i. He will study lesson TILL the time reached his target study level.

17. WHETHER: This conjunction used in a sentence to bring in two choices.
Example:
i. I will not love you WHETHER you come by bike or car.

18. WHEN: This is a conjunction used in a sentence in the meaning of while or at the same time that.
Example:
i. He talks with her in cell phone WHEN he types a letter in the computer.

19. WHILE: This is a conjunction used in a sentence in the meaning of while or at the same time that.
Example:
i. He talks with her in cell phone WHILE he types a letter in the computer.

Next lesson is the continuation of this lesson. In the next lesson we will study about CONJUNCTIONAL PHRASES, okay.

Come on…

Tags:  in conjunction, conjunction with, and conjunction, in conjunction with, what is conjunction, coordinating conjunction, conjunction junction

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Thursday, August 1, 2013

Preposition - Parts of Speech

What is a preposition mean?

Preposition is a part of speech in a sentence which shows the connection between a noun or a verb or an adjective to a noun or a pronoun or an adjective in a sentence. A preposition may be a single word or a group of words.

For example,
The book is ON the table.
The book is NOUN
The table is another NOUN.
ON is the pronoun shows the connection of the book to the table.
So ON is a PREPOSITION.

See more examples:

1. The thief is hiding BEHIND the wall.
2. I am working OUT exercises.
3. They were taking a trip IN a bus.
4. We see a bridge ACROSS the river.

In the above sentences BEHIND, OUT, IN, and ACROSS are the prepositions showing the connection or relationship between two nouns or pronoun in those sentences. The proposition fastening and wrap the words into a meaningful one.

See some common one-word prepositions using in the English language.

1. AT
2. ACROSS
3. ABOUT
4. AFTER
4. ALONG
5. AMONG
6. AROUND
7. BEFORE
8. BY
9. BEHIND
10. BELOW
11. BESIDE
12. BETWEEN
13. BEYOND
14. DOWN
15. FOR
16. FROM
17. IN
18. INSIDE
19. OF
20. ON
21. OUT
22. OUTSIDE
23. SINCE
24. TO
25. THROUGH
26. TILL
27. THEN
27. UP
28. UNDER
29. WITH
30. WITHIN

Now we take one sentence for example and use all the above one-word prepositions, and see how the meaning of the sentence changes as the preposition changes.

The book is ON the table.

The book is INSIDE the table drawer.

The book is ACROSS the table stand.

The book is ABOUT one meter from the table.

The book is AMONG other lesson books in the table.

The book is UNDER the table.

The book is WITHIN table cover.

The book is OUTSIDE the table drawer.

In the next lesson, we will see about preposition phrases. Okay.

Come on…

Tags:  preposition of, preposition in, is a preposition, the preposition, what is preposition, with preposition,

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The Longest Medical Word

Today, we will know about an interesting medical term in medical language. This post is just to know about a different thing in the medica...