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Saturday, September 21, 2013

How to Use 'MIGHT' in Simple Present and Present Continuous Tenses?

may and might In the recent post we came through the forms of might.
In this post we will discuss about “might” in more.
Remember the following points:
1. The short form of might not is might n’t but we do not use the short form.
2. We should not frame negative or positive question. Negative general questions with an appropriate interrogative will be possible.
Structure of a sentence - To reveal dissatisfaction:
Using ‘might’ in simple present tense with present form of verb.
1. You might come to the meeting on time.
(Here a nice way of conveying your displeasure when a staff comes late habitually is happening).
2. You might convey your wishes here and now.
(Here a simple present tense is used in the above sentence).
3. You might not spend your free time in your friend’s house every week end.
(Here also the same simple present tense is used).

Structure of a sentence - For a future distant possibility:
We use ‘might’ along with a present form verb for a future possibility. This sentence structure must denote the timing of the action in a coming time. Then this will be a ‘future tense’ sentence.
We denote the possibility in at present time and also in which case either it s a simple present or present continuous tense with ‘might’ and a present form of a verb.

Some of the examples are:
1. This exams might helps you in the future.
2. You might not consider this argument.
3. I might attend your music class tomorrow.
4. The bus might arrive by evening.
In all the above sentences future tense has been used.

This present tense can also be expressed in the possible forms as below.
1. My father might be wondering about my safety.
2. My brother might not be expecting me in the railway station this morning.
In all the above sentences present continuous has been used.

3. He might not believe in his professional abilities.
In the above sentence simple present tense is used.

We came to the conclusion that we use might in future and present tenses.

Keywords:  may and might, may might could, may or might, might be grammar, might can grammar, might could

In the next post we would try to learn about ‘might’ in more.

To go to the prior lesson, please visit 

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How to Use 'MIGHT' as an Universal Auxiliary?

‘Might’ is also used in several ways.
1. It is used to express some unsatisfaction in a simple way.
2. To determine a future distant possibility or happening.
3. For ‘may’ this ‘might’ is used as a past equivalent.
4. In the past tense future this ‘might’ is used.

Let us study about the rules of using ‘might’
1. In simple present ‘might’ is used in the present form of the verb.
2. In present continuous tense ‘might be’ is used in the present ending in –ing form of the verb.
3. In future tense ‘might’ is used in the present form of the verb.
4. In simple past (in complex sentences) ‘might’ is used in the present ending in –ing form of the verb.
5. In future in the past ‘might have’ is used in the past participle form of the verb.
6. In the future in the past continuous ‘might have been’ is used in the present ending in           
-ing form of the verb.

Structure of the sentences:
(Hint: If there is a past tense in one part of a complex sentence the other part should also be in past tense or past equivalent universal auxiliary)
1. I may take sruthi with me if she is ready.
Here both sentences are in present tense and therefore it is correct according to the tense rules.
Note: ‘May’ is a simple present tense auxiliary.
But if ‘may’ is the present tense auxiliary then its past equivalent is ‘might’ . But ‘might’ is not the past form of ‘may’. It is the verbs that have the present form - past form - past participle form and not the auxiliaries.

Let us study this example in the tense rules of complex sentence.
1. I might take Sruthi with me if she was ready.
Here ‘might’ is used in the past tense auxiliary but ‘may’ should not be used.

Given below are some more examples.
1. I thought that the teacher might be in the class.
Using of simple past tense and past equivalent.
2. She felt that you might like a short holiday.
Using of simple past tense and past equivalent auxiliary.
3. The manager might not wait for you if you came after 11 a.m.
Using of past equivalent and simple past.
4. The lab assistant said that I might use the calculator whenever necessary.

In the next post we would try to learn the remaining topic of ‘might’

To go to the next lesson from here, please click the link below.

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