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Friday, December 30, 2011

Information on Vertigo - Lesson 291

As of now, we have studied lessons about sense organs in our free medical transcription course series. In this post, we will learn about information on vertigo. What is vertigo? It is a sort of reeling sensation. It makes one feel like a sensation of losing balance. The main reason behind this abnormal condition is due to the intrusion in the inner ear. The person who is affected by vertigo will feel like the surrounding to be spun rapidly. The root causes of this whirling motion are labyrinthitis or acoustic neuroma. Labyrinthitis is the inflammatory condition of inner ear and acoustic neuroma is a benign tumor developed in the nerve that connects brain to the ear. Vertigo is sometimes accompanied by vomiting sensation, loss of balance, and over-sweating.

Types of Vertigo: Some persons may feel vertigo sensation just for a few minutes or a few seconds only and then it may resolve. This condition is called benign paroxysmal positional vertigo or BPPV. In some cases, vertigo may be associated with some other ear abnormalities such as vestibular migraine, Meniere's disease, vestibular neuritis, etc.,

Vertigo in Children: Vertigo is an uncommon condition in children, as the children cannot reveal this condition. A study proved that about 16% of the population in children are affected by vertigo. Presence of vertigo can be examined in children only performing ear visual examinations. General cause of the vertigo in children is BPPV in most cases.

Vertigo Treatment: The common medical treatment for vertigo is based on the diagnosis condition. The treatment differs based on the biological causes. If the inflammation of the ear is due to any bacteria, then antibiotic treatment would be the best solution. For the patients with Meniere's disease will be given sodium solution to increase the urinary output apart from antibiotic treatment. Some physical exercises are also recommended by the physician to the patients with BPPV.

Tags: info on vertigo, information on vertigo, types of vertigo, vertigo children, vertigo treatment, vertigo tinnitus

Saturday, December 24, 2011

Immunization Schedule for Babies - Lesson 290

Immunization schedule for babies is an important thing to maintain a child to prevent from some dangerous infections from viruses and also to maintain immunity. Immune vaccine shots should be applied to all children on a timely basis and should be followed by parents very carefully without fail. Now we will see the types of vaccines. There are BCG vaccines, DPT vaccine, oral polio vaccine, hepatitis B vaccine, hemophilus influence type b vaccine, MMR vaccine (Mumps, measles, rubella), TT or tetanus vaccine. All these seven types of vaccines must be given to any child in certain time periods without any delay. Now we will see your baby's age and the vaccine for the age in weeks to months one by one. On birth of a child, BCG vaccine, oral polio and hepatitis B vaccine should be administered. 

After the six weeks, DPT first one dose and oral polio second dose also should be administered along with hepatitis B vaccine second dose and hemophilus influence type b vaccine. Once the child's age reaches 10 weeks,  the child should be given DPT second dose, oral polio vaccine third dose and again hemophilus influence type b vaccine second dose. After 10 weeks of child birth, oral polio vaccine third dose, hemophilus influence type b second dose and DPT third dose are to be administered. After completing 14 weeks, any infant must be administered with oral polio vaccine fourth dose along with hemophilus influence type b vaccine third dose.

Once any infant attains six months to nine months of age, it should be given oral polio fifth dose with hepatitis B vaccine third dose. After 9 months of age, any child should be injected measles vaccine and hepatitis A vaccine booster. After 1 year of age, the child should be given varicella chickenpox vaccine and MMR or measles, mumps, rubella vaccine. After the age of 15 months to 18 months, the child should be provided with DPT booster dose first dose with oral polio vaccine of sixth dose. After above 5 years of age, second dose of DPT booster with polio vaccine seventh dose should be given. After 10 years of age, TT or tetanus third booster dose and hepatitis B vaccine booster dose should be given. After 16 years of age, TT or tetanus fourth booster dose should be administered.

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Wednesday, December 21, 2011

How to Heal Tinnitus? - Lesson 289

What is tinnitus? This is a sign of some ear diseases, such as Miniere's disease, abnormal bone growth in the middle ear, age-related hearing loss, chronic ear inflammation, inflammation in the labyrinth, and/or any other ear abnormalities. Tinnitus affects a person's day-to-day life activities if it is severe.  Making the patient relaxed would be a good treatment if this is the reason behind it. Medically tinnitus means tinkling sensation. In other words, tinnitus makes ringing sensation inside the ears. It is really a disturbing sensation for an individual. Tinnitus will happen in the ears even with the absence of any sounds from the surroundings. But it is not a disease kind, but it may exhibit as a symptom for any other underlying ear diseases. A drug named benzadiazepine, if consumes in high doses may cause tinnitus in the ears. Radio-surgery treatment using gamma knife, teflon device set-up, clearing wax from the ear canal are the common treatment to heal tinnitus.

Hearing Loss Tinnitus:  It is very common that most people with tinnitus would have some degree of hearing loss. The amount of hearing loss can be measured only after performing hearing examination in the patient who suffers from tinnitus. Once any patient is identified with tinnitus will commonly be fitted with hearing aid device in his or her ears. If the hearing aids are not supporting enough, tinnitus maskers will be tried next to it. Tinnitus instrument is a device that is manufactured by combining both hearing aid device and tinnitus maskers and which is helpful in treating tinnitus and hearing loss.

Tinnitus Home Remedy: Tinnitus is not a real disease condition. It is just a side effect due to other medications consumed by the patient for other disease causes. Tinnitus is also a symptom of any other underlying ear diseases. Apple cider vinegar and T-Gone remedies are used to reduce the tinnitus. Rest and anxiety reduction may also be helpful in relieving tinnitus if these are the psychological causes behind it.

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Sunday, December 18, 2011

Otitis Media in Adults - Lesson 288

Chronic Serous Otitis Media: It is an abnormal condition of inflammatory condition in the middle ear and so serum is accumulated inside. Generally it occurs in between the tympanic membrane and the inner ear. The main symptom is earache. Otitis media is not a serious condition other than it creates pain inside the ear and it may heal in a one or two months time period. When a person is affected with it, a pressure sensation will happen in the eardrum i.e. tympanic membrane and so the area is painful. The main cause of otitis media is infection by some bacteria or virus or any fungus. The main bacterias such as Streptococcus pneumoniae and haemophilus influenzae, and viruses like RSV (respiratory syncytial virus). Cold condition may lead to this condition and so ear pains for a few days or weeks. Sometimes eardrum may break and so pus forms inside the ear. Small children are prone to otitis media generally under the 10 years of age. This can be visually found out by examining the tympanic membrane. Only performing otoscope or a tympanometer examination would not reveal the disease condition inside the ear. 

Treatment of serous otitis media is the surgical correction performed in the eardrum to release the excessive pressure in the eardrum. To free the air circulation, tympanostomy tubes can also be placed inside.

Suppurative Otitis Media: It is an abnormal condition of infection by bacteria and so pus is formed in the middle ear. The cause of infection may be streptococcus bacteria or staphylococcus bacteria. The treatment is the application of antibiotics.  In chronic conditions, myringotomy may be ordered to prevent hearing loss.

In the next lesson, we will learn about vertigo and tinnitus. Every learner of free medical transcription course should memorize these disease conditions while learning this. These terms will be helpful while doing practice audio files or live files.

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Tuesday, December 13, 2011

Common Ear Diseases - Lesson 287

Free medical transcription course website provides you free lessons to learn the subject on a weekly thrice basis. Anyone who is interested in learning medical transcription can use these lessons for their reference while learning online or in any institutions. We will help you. Every once in a while, you should go through the medical terms learnt here and memorize them and these terms will be very useful when you involve in live medical transcription files. In this lesson, we will deal about common ear diseases, such as Meniere's disease and otosclerosis.

In ear diseases, Meniere's disease is one kind. Meniere's disease is an abnormality of the inner ear on the labyrinth. This disease happens when the pressure in the cochlea increases because of the increased pressure by endolymph. This affects normal balance and hearing ability. The main symptoms of Meniere's disease are tinnitus and increased sensitivity to louder sounds. Headache, vertigo, and nausea are also accompanying symptoms. The cause of the disease is not yet recognized. Treatment for Meniere's disease is rest in bed and medications to combat nausea and vertigo. In some cases, surgery is also recommended to release the pressure inside the ear by the endolymph. This is one of the common ear diseases.

Otosclerosis Symptoms:  Otosclerosis is an abnormal state of thickening of labyrinth bony tissue in the ear. Hearing loss would happen due to otosclerosis. The thickening bone will cover the area around the oval window and so the ossicle gets stiffened. This condition is called ankylosis. The result of this condition is conduction hearing loss or conduction deafness. The treatment for this condition is surgical removal of stapes bone or stapedectomy and the damaged area is replaced by a graft by fatty tissue. Hearing is recovered by setting a prosthesis equipment of stainless wire. We will see more about other common ear diseases in the next post.

In the next post, we will learn about Otitis Media. Okay. Come on.

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Tuesday, December 6, 2011

Diseases of the Ear - Lesson 286

In this post, we will deal with diseases of the ear, acoustic neuroma and cholesteatoma. We will also learn some important suffixes of ear. Due to the diseases in the ear, one person may get some hearing loss or pain and so the quality of the life is affected in all. In the more complicated conditions, deafness or brain tumor or paralysis may happen. To avoid such serious conditions, proper diagnosis and treatment at the right time is important. In hearing process, all the outer, middle, and inner ears take part. Sound waves from environment enter through the outer ear and travels through the middle ear through three small bones, named ossicles and then the sound wave travels inside the inner ear to vibrate the eardrum.

Acoustic Neuroma: This is an abnormal condition in the ear of formation of a tumor on the eight cranial nerve in the brain that arises from acoustic nerve. The main symptom of acoustic neuroma is ringing in the ears, dizziness or vertigo and reduced hearing. These tumors if they are in small sizes can be removed using surgical methods named ablation method using radiosurgery. In radiosurgery method, radiation is used to remove the tumor other than any surgical incision equipment. This is one of the bad diseases of the ear.

Cholesteatoma: This is an abnormal condition in the ear of formation of extended growth of keratinizing squamous epithelium. This happens in the middle ear or in the mastoid process. Skin cells are collected in a pouch in the middle ear. The main reason for cholesteatoma formation is chronic otitis media and tympanic membrane perforation.

Now we will see some important ear suffixes.
-cusis means hearing. Presbycusis is a kind of deafness happens by a nerve due to the aging process.
-otia means any abnormal condition in the ear. Microtia is a birth defect in children with underdeveloped flap of the ear called pinna.

We will see more diseases of the ear in the next post. Okay. Come on.

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Sunday, December 4, 2011

Medical Terminology for Ear - Lesson 285

Ear is the important organ in the body and in the medical language, there are many words related to it. We will see some important medical terminology for ear in this post.

Ot/o means ear. Otomycosis is an abnormal condition of ear infection by a fungus. Otolaryngologist is a specialist who specializes in earn and larynx treatment.

Ossicul/o means ossicle. Ossiculoplasty is a surgical procedure of reconstruction of ossicle.

Myring/o means eardrum. Myringotomy is a surgical procedure to correct the eardrum.

Staped/o means stapes. Stapes is the third bone of the middle ear. Stapedectomy is the surgical correction of stapes bone in the middle ear.

Salping/o means auditory tube. The other name of auditory tube is eustachian tube. Salpingopharyngeal fold is a mucous membrane that is extended from the beneath of torus tubarius.

Tympan/o means middle ear. The other meaning is eardrum. Tympanoplasty is the surgical procedure done to correct the eardrum.

On the day to day life of a medical transcription professional, he or she is in the position to hear these terminologies dictated by the physicians or their registered nurses everyday. Every learner should memorize these words before starting the voice file tests. It should be learnt to how to pronounce each medical word and their meaning and their exact spelling. Then only the listening skill will improve. From the next post, we will learn about some important suffixes of ear and some abnormal disease conditions of ears. Okay. Come on.

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Saturday, December 3, 2011

Ear Medical Combining Forms - Lesson 284

This post explains about medical combining forms about ear. Each medical word in the medical language consists of three elements, such as root, suffix, and prefix. Medical words are rooted from Latin language. We will see some important combining forms related to ears now. A combining form is the beginning of a medical word that is called prefix that is connected to the suffix of the with a connector named root /o/. For example, smyositis, it means pain in the muscles. In this word, my/o is the prefix connected to a suffix, itis, by a connector /o/.

Ear Combining Forms Medical:  Audi/o is a word that means hearing. It also means the sense of sounds. For example audiography. It means recoding and editing of sound tracks.
Mastoid/o means mastoid process. Mastoiditis means inflammation of the mastoid process. This is an extended portion projection beneath the temporal bone.
Acou/o means also hearing. The example word is acoustics. It is the study of mechanical waves in gases.
Aur/o means ear. Aural means pertaining to ears.
Cochle/o means cochlea. Cochlear implant is a device attached to the cochlea for hearing disability.
Audit/o means hearing. Auditory nerve is a word releated to the hearing nerve in the head.
Auricul/o means auricle. Auricle is another word for pinna, the external flap portion of the ear. Auriculectomy is a procedure done to remove the auricle.

In the next lesson, we will see about the rest of the important medical combining forms related to the ears.

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Friday, December 2, 2011

Medical Terminology for Ear - Lesson 283

In the prior lesson, we have been introduced to the new ear medical terminology of a few important words. In this lesson also we will learn a few more imporant medical terminology for ear, such as, ossicle, oval window, perilymph, pinna, saccule, semicircular canals, stapes, tympanic membrane, and utricle. Learners should memorize these terms after reading the lesson and so it will be remembered while doing medical transcription files on a day-to-day basis.

Utricle and Saccule:   These are the two vertebrate parts of the inner ear. The other name of the utricle is utriculus. Saccule acts as a bed of sensory cells in the inside of the ear. Saccule interprets movements of the head into neural pulses while the up and down movements. Both utricle and saccule work as balancing organs.

Definition of Tympanic Membrane:  Tympanic membrane is an organ that splits the outer ear from the middle ear. The other name of this is eardrum. It helps to pass the sound waves from the environment to the ossicle bones present in the middle ear.

Other Ear Medical Terminologies:  
Staples: This is the third ossicle bone of the middle ear. This bone looks like a stirrup. Stapes bone is attached via the incudostapedial join to the incus bone. 

Ossicle: This is a tiny bone. The other names of ossicle bones is auditory ossicles. They are three in number. These bones are present in the middle ear. Ossicles pass sound waves from the environment to the labyrinth or cochlea.

Perilymph: This is a liquid like material that present in the labyrinth of the inner ear. This is an extracellular fluid material that presents in the cochlea.

Pinna: The other name of this part of the ear is auricle. Pinna is the flap portion of the outer ear.

Semicirular Canals: These openings that are present in the innear ear and they are helpful in maintaining equilibrium.

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The Longest Medical Word

Today, we will know about an interesting medical term in medical language. This post is just to know about a different thing in the medica...