We are seeing about important endocrine terms in the last few posts. This chapter is a long one. We have seen about glucagon, insulin, FSH, estradiol, estrogen, calcitonin, and cortisol in the prior lesson. In this lesson we are going to see explanations about luteinizing hormone (LH), melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH), progesterone, parathormone (PTH), oxytocin and norepinephrine.
Luteinizing Hormone (LH): This hormone is produced by the anterior pituitary gland portion named as adenohypophysis. Luteinizing hormone or LH induces the formation of ovum or egg in female reproductive system. In male LH stimulates the creation of an important hormone named as testosterone.
Melanocyte-stimulating Hormone (MSH): MSH induces the color cell formation on the skin. Melanocyte-stimulating hormones is formed on the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. The another name of anterior pituitary gland is adenohypophysis.
Progesterone: This important hormone is produced by ovaries. Progesterone helps to make ready the uterus before pregnancy and while prognancy.
Parathormone (PTH): PTH is formed in the parathyroid gland in the neck. The another name of parathormone is parathyroid hormone. The main function of parathormone is to increase in blood calcium level in the blood.
Oxytocin: It is one of the important endocrine terms. This important hormone is formed on the backside portion of the pituitary gland in the brain. This posterior portion of the pituitary gland is called as neurohypophysis. The important function of oxytocin is to induce the shrinking and extension of the uterus during labor pain and childbirth.
Norepinephrine: This hormone is produced by the outer covering of adrenal gland named as adrenal medulla. The another name of norepinephrine is noradrenaline. Norepinephrine helps in the sympathomimetic action of the nervous system in human. This hormone also helps to increase the heart rate and pressure in the blood.
We have seen important endocrine terms yet. In the next lesson, we will see about other important endocrine terms, such as, thyroid-stimulating hormone, somatotropin, testosterone, prolactin, and thyroxine. Okay. Come on.