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Sunday, March 15, 2009

GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM COMBINING FORMS-LESSON 69

1. Bucc/o means cheek or gena. Buccal is pertaining to cheek.
2. Cec/o means cecum or the first part of the large intestine. Cecal hernia is the hernia of the cecum.
3. Celi/o means abdomen. Celiac artery is the artery in the abdomen.
4. Chol/e means bile. Cholecyst is the another name for gallbladder.
5. Cheil/o means lip. Cheilophagia is the abnormal condition of biting of the lips.
6. Cholangi/o means bile duct. Cholangiography is the radiographic examination of the bile ducts.
7. Choledoch/o means common bile duct. Choledochojejunostomy is the creation of a direct communication between the common bile duct and the jejunum by a surgical procedure.

8. Col/o means colon or large intestine. Colocentesis is the surgical puncture of the colon to relieve distention.

9. Colon/o means colon. Colonogram is the visual examination of the colon.

10. Duoden/o means duodenum or the first part of the small intestine. Duodenocholangitis is the inflammation of the duodenum and common bile duct.

11. Dent/i means teeth. Dentia is the process of teeth growth or breakdown. Dentiform means tooth-shaped.

12. Esophag/o means esophagus. Esophagocele is the hernia of the mucous membrane of the esophagus into a tear in the muscular coat.

13. Glyc/o means glucose or sugar. Glycogenesis is the formation of glucose from D-glucose.

14. Gloss/o means language or tongue. Glossocele is the hernia or protrusion of the tongue from the mouth.

15. Gingiv/o means gums. Gingivoplasty is the surgical procedure of reshaping the gum tissues.

16. Gastr/o means stomach or abdomen. Gastrocele is the hernia or protrusion of a portion of the stomach.

17. Herni/o means hernia or rupture. Herniography is the visual examination of a hernia using contrast medium via an injection.

18. Hepat/o means liver. Hepatomegaly is the enlargement of the liver.

19. Jejun/o means jejunum or the middle portion of the intestine. Jejunocolostomy is the surgical procedure of creating communication between the jejunum and the colon.

20. Ile/o means ileum i.e. third longest portion of the small intestine. Ileocecostomy is the surgical procedure called anastomosis to create communication or link.

21. Labi/o means lips. Labiodental is the word relating both lips and teeth.

22. Lingu/o means tongue. Linguoclusion is the dislocation of a tooth.

23. Lip/o means fat or lipid. Liposuction is the method of removing surplus fat using suction tubes percutaneously.

24. Lith/o means stone or calculus or calcification. Lithogenesis is the formation of stone in the body.

25. Odont/o means teeth or teeth. Odontalgia is the pain in the teeth i.e. tootheache.

26. Or/o means mouth. Oropharyngeal is the word relating mouth and the pharynx.

27. Pylor/o means pylorus. Pyloroplasty is the surgical procedure to widen the pyloric canal by an incision.

28. Proct/o means anus or rectum. Proctolysis is the continuous and slow dispensation of saline solution into the anus and sigmoid colon.

29. Pancreat/o means pancreas. Pancreatolith is the stone in the pancreas.

30. Palat/o means palate. Palatoglossal is the word pertaining to both palate and tongue.

31. Rect/o means rectum. Rectoperineal is pertaining to both rectum and perineum.

32. Stomat/o means mouth. Stomatodynia is the pain in the mouth.

33. Steat/o means fat. Steatorrhea is the excessive excretion of fat in feces.

34. Splen/o means spleen. Splenodynia is the pain in the spleen.

35. Sialaden/o means salivary gland. Sialadenitis is the inflammation of the salivary gland.

In the next lesson we will study about Laboratory tests related to digestive system okay..

Come on.

To go to the next lesson from here, please click the link below


GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM SUFFIXES-LESSON 68

1. –emesis means vomiting in the combining form used as suffix. Hematemesis means vomiting of blood.

2. –ectasis, -ectasia both mean dilation that is stretching of a blood vessel. Bronchiectasis means dilation of blood tubes. Keratoectasia means bulging forward of the cornea.

3. –lysis means breakdown or destruction. Hemolysis is the destruction or breakdown of blood cells.

4. –phagia means eating or swallowing. Dysphagia is difficulty swallowing. Polyphagia is excessive eating.

4. –pepsia means digestion. Dyspepsia means gastric indigestion that is difficulty in digestion.

5. –plasty means molding that is a surgical procedure. Gastroplasty is the surgical repair of the stomach. Rhinoplasty is the surgical repair of the nose.

6. –ptosis means sinking down or prolapse or sagging of an organ. Blepharoptosis is the sagging of the upper eyelid.

7. –ptysis means expectoration or spitting. Hemoptysis is the spitting of the blood from the lungs.

8. –rrhea means flowing or flux or discharge. Menorrhea is the flow of menses.

9. –rrhaphy means suturing surgically. Herniorrhaphy is the surgically suturing a hernia.

10. –rrhagia or –rrhage means excessive or unusual flow of a liquid. Menorrhagia means flow of excessive blood during menses.

11. –stasis means stopping or stagnation. Hemostasis means stagnation of blood. Venostasis means controlling of flow of blood in the veins.

12. –spasm means involuntary sudden contraction of any muscle. Cardiospasm is the sudden involuntary contraction of the heart muscles.

13. –stenosis means stricture or narrowing of any orifice or tube or canal. Aortic stenosis is the narrowing of an aorta (large blood vessel).

14. –tresia means clausura or opening. Atresia means no opening. Absence of anal opening, this is a congenital defect in some infants. Biliary atresia is the absence of opening in the biliary tract.

In the above list of suffixes, some can be used unaccompanied as unconnected term. They as a single word give a separate meaning. They are as follows:

1. Stenosis means stricture. Bronchial stenosis is the stricture or narrowing of bronchus.

2. Stasis means stagnation. Palpillary stasis is the edema of the optic disk due to increased intracranial pressure.

3. Spasm means sudden involuntary tightening of any muscle. Bell spasm is the sudden involuntary jerking or twitching of the facial muscles. The other word for this term is facial spasm or facial tic.

4. Lysis means destruction or breakdown. Bystander lysis is the complement-mediated lysis of nearby cells in the neighborhood of accompaniment activation site.

5. Emesis means vomiting. Antiemetic or emesis is a kind of drug used to stop vomiting.

6. Ptosis means drooping. Aponeurogenic ptosis is the sinking of the eyelid due to dehiscence of the tendon of the levator muscle.

7. Ectasia means dilation. Mammary duct ectasia is the dilation of mammary ducts.

In the next lesson we will see gastrointestinal combining forms.

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The Longest Medical Word

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