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Wednesday, January 25, 2017

What are Vital Signs ?

In this post, we will study about another important aspect in medical science and knowing about them is very crucial and they are vital signs. In every job we encounter, we will encounter vital signs details without a miss.  Vital Signs are nothing, but clinical measurements of that are helpful in assuring that human body is in normal state of health.

What are the 4 clinical measurements ?

The four clinical measurements of general health state of a patient are:
1.  Heart rate or pulse rate or pulse.

2.  Body temperature.

3.  Respiratory rate.
4.  Blood pressure.

We will see about one by one now.
1. Heart rate or pulse rate or pulse:
Normally, in resting condition, a person's heart rate or pulse is estimated to be around 60 beats to 100 beats in a minute. In fact, the lesser the heart rate, the better heart of health would be. For example, a well-trained sportsperson heart would be around 40 beats to 45 beats a minute.

2.  Body Temperature:

Normal body temperature is also known as normothermia or normothermic condition or euthermia.  Normal temperature standard is 36.5 to 37.5 degrees Celsius or 97.7 to 99.5 Fahrenheit. The temperature above these levels are considered to be fever. The excessive heat condition is called medically as hyperpyrexia.

3.  Respiratory Rate:

Generally, a person may breathe between 12 to 20 breaths per minute, but infants from birth to about 6 weeks of their life normally breathe about 30 to 40 times. A person's respiratory rate may be higher in abnormal conditions such as fever or other illnesses.

4.  Blood Pressure:

Blood pressure is a measurement of amount of blood flows on the walls of the heart. Normal blood pressure standard is 120/80 for adults. High blood pressure if found needs to be controlled to maintain the normalcy of heart and blood vessels, otherwise, it may lead to any threat to the life of a patient.

In the next post, we will study about another term in medical science.


Tuesday, January 24, 2017

What is Atrial Fibrillation ?

As a medical transcription trainees, you all must know about an important medical term, you would often encounter in files is atrial fibrillation. This is an important medical term related to cardiovascular system i.e. heart and blood vessels.  Then, what is atrial fibrillation?  We will see the meaning and definition of atrial fibrillation below.

We all know that heart is felt in our body by its beat sounds defined as lub dub sounds while doctors hear through a stethoscope. There are normal and abnormal heart beats can be understood by the professionals and so they can lead the exam with an Electrocardiograph scan to understand more about beats and electrical stimulated condition inside the heart.

So, an ECG or electrocardiograph scan report will tell more about the kind of heart beats and their characteristic features and consequences inside the heart currently and in the near future. Atrial fibrillation is nothing, but an irregular and also often a rapid heart rate related condition, which will lead to poor blood flow to the heart. Atrial fibrillation happens because of the disorganized electric signals inside the heart.

Atrial fibrillation is termed in short in medical field as AFib or AF. Atrial fibrillation may be felt as a fluttering sensation in the chest or sometimes we don't see any symptoms too. 

What happens while AFib?
Generally, atria are 2 chambers above the heart that should beat normally to pass the blood to the lower 2 chambers of ventricles, but in AFib or atrial fibrillation, beat happens irregularly, and so blood flow to the downward ventricles from the upper atria happen abnormally.

What is the seriousness of AFib?

If incidentally, a patient with any clots in the blood stream, the blood may enter abnormally inside the brain to make a STROKE...!, but this risk is studied in only 15 to 20 percentage of people only.  Atrial fibrillation is treated by giving blood thinners and so any clot blockage and more blood flow to the brain is controlled.

In the next post, we will see about another important cardiovascular term and its meaning. Ok. To move to the home page from here please CLICK HERE.

Tuesday, January 17, 2017

Aims of Studying Medical Language

1.  The primary objective of studying medical language is UNDERSTANDING a complex term to be simply understood and make the student easier to understand it. If a student cannot understand the term, they may want to remember it only by mugging up the medical terms, which is hard.

2.  A medical term may be a simple one or may one complicated term, either needs to be understood to understand the medical science by a student or a reader.

3.  Each medical term is organized into parts such that each part of the term can be used with other words to give different meanings.  Eg. aden/o is a prefix that means gland, and it can be used with other prefix words to give different meaning related to a gland. For example, adenoma means mass of the gland. Adenitis is inflammation of a gland.  Understand.

4.  In this way, any term need not to be memorized, anyone who can understand the meaning changes with variations can never forget any medical term that they studied once by understanding with meanings.

5.  Though some medical terms like ilium and ileum have the same pronounciations, they differ in meanings. One student of medical language must be very careful about these variations with sameness.

In the next lesson, we will see more medical terms with more examples.  Home Page.

Sunday, January 8, 2017

What is ECMO?

What is ECMO procedure?

In this post, we will see about ECMO extended as Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation, it is a life-supporting measure used in end-of-life saving procedures of a patient who suffers from life to death. The main purpose of ECMO is to provide oxygenation support to a patient either in postoperative phase or any. In simple words, ECMO provides both cardiac and respiratory support to a patient when needed, when the patient's heart and lungs fail to function properly in critical situations.

Who will get ECMO support, in general?

ECMO provides required oxygenation support to save life from death in crucial situations and so doctors can try their best effort to save the patient's life.  In common situation, ECMO is used in children, and also used in adults with heart and lungs failure cases. In this condition, blood carbon di-oxide of a patient is removed by giving oxygenation support.

ECMO device set-up:

In ECMO procedure, three cylinders, one with oxygen, second with air, and the third for collection of impure carbon di-oxide gast from the patients are used.  These three cylinders are attached to a gas blender. Gas blender is attached to a oxygenator that is attached to a blood pump device. Cannulas connecting the patient's lungs and heart is attached to a bladder box, pressure module and heat exchanger.

Where ECMO is necessary?

ECMO can be applied in a patient with less oxygen in his or her blood i.e. less than 100 mmHg oxygen in their blood, patients with refractory cardiogenic shock or in patients with cardiac arrest, patients who fail to wean from CP bypass surgery, or in patients of cardiac transplant or patients got ventricular assist devices etc.

Types of ECMO:

Venovenous ECMO and Veno-arterial ECMO are of 2 types this can be used in human body.  In both of these situation, blood that is drained from the body is given oxygen from outside source other than human breathing that is happening naturally for a healthy one.  Pure blood after oxygenation process outside source is return to the vein system in VV ECMO procedure and so cardiac support is not needed,

There is no guarantee that a patient can be given life for sure after ECMO procedure, but it is an additional final support in saving a patient who are with lung and heart failures.

Monday, January 2, 2017

Blood Work Lab Values Abbreviations

First of all, Happy New Year wishes for all our free medical transcription course blog readers. This post aims to make you well aware of all the lab tests that are done to know the blood values before diagnosing disease condition of a patient.  This article aims to know what are the important abbreviations used in blood test lab values.

After we know about the important blood work abbreviations, we can then move to know about blood lab tests one by one. Okay.

The following are the important abbreviated forms that are used in the lab blood works.

1,  dl - deciliter

2. gm - gram

3.  Hg - mercury

4.  IU - international

5.  l - liter

6.  mEq - milli-equivalent

7.  mg - milligram

8.  m - millimeter

9.  mm3 - cubic millimeter

10.  pg - picogram

11.  mu symbol with l - microliter

12.  mu symbol with m3 - cubic micron

In the coming posts, we will see about complete blood work tests, such as atrial blood gases, blood electrolytes, blood cell counts, coagulation tests, blood proteins and pigments, immune system components, serum immunoglobulins, blood enzymes, plasma and serum values etc.

The Longest Medical Word

Today, we will know about an interesting medical term in medical language. This post is just to know about a different thing in the medica...