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Friday, March 26, 2010

SEXUAL AND GENDER IDENTITY DISORDERS - LESSON 180

In this post we would learn about Sexual and Gender identity disorders: Gender identity disorder which is the formal diagnosis used by physicians and psychologists to explain the person's significant gender dysphoria. It described the attributes related to transgender, transsexuality and transvestism and also it is a psychiatric classification.

This Gender identity disorder in children is mostly common and is considered clinically distinct from GID which appears in adolescence or adulthood which has been reported by some as intensifying over time. Cross-gender behavior is strongly disapproved in many cultures. It sometimes results in significant problems for affected persons and those in close relationships with them.

The Sexual disorders are divided into two types.
They are 1. Paraphilias,  and
2. Dysfunctions.

Pparaphilias:- In this term para means abnormal, philia means attraction to or love. These are characterized by recurrent intense sexual urges, fantasies, or behaviors that include unusual objects, activities or situations. Sexual dysfunctions are disturbances in sexual want or psychosexual changes in sexual response, such as premature ejaculation and dyspareunia that are not the result of a general medical situation.

Examples of paraphilias are:
1. Exhibitionism:- To an unsuspecting stranger, one's body can be exposed, particularly the genitals with compulsive need.

2. Fetishism:- The substitutes used for a human sexual love object as a nonliving objects especially articles of clothing.

3. Pedophilia:- Sexual urges and fantasies involving sexual activity with a prepubescent in the children of age 13 or younger.

4. Sexual masochism:- Sexual gratification is gained by being humiliated, beaten, bound or otherwise made to suffer by another person.

5. Sexual sadism:- Sexual gratification is gained by inflicting physical or psychological pain or humiliation on others.

6. Transvestic fetishism:- Wearing clothing, cross-dressing, of the opposite sex. It has been described in only heterosexual males who have intense sexually arousing fantasies, urges, or behaviors involving cross-dressing.

7. Voyeurism:- The unsuspecting people who are naked, undressing, or engaging in sexual activity, the sexual excitement is achieved.

A gender identity disorder is persistent cross-gender identification with the opposite sex. This identification is manifested in preference for cross-dressing and cross-sex roles and is observed in children or persistent fantasies of being the other sex.

In the next post we would learn about Somatoform Disorders and some examples regarding this disorder.

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