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Sunday, March 30, 2014

Gerund and Participle in English Grammar


Let us discuss some of the gerunds when the verb is in the present form. We will describe breifly as 
1. Play - Playing, 2. Swim - Swimming, 3. Steal - Stealing, 4. Ride - Riding, 5. Jump - jumping
6. Act - acting, 7. Recieve - Recieving, 8. Smoke - Smoking, 9. Fish - Fishing, 10. Dance - Dancing

Let us come through some of the examples where gerunds appear in the middle of a sentence.
1. You must practise writing every day.
2. Stop acting in the film until you are clear in the action.
3. Rama loves designing room.
4. Reshma start playing as yet.

Before a gerund possessive pronoun is used which describes any noun which will be either an adjective or a possessive pronoun and placed to the left side of 

the noun. Here are some of the examples. Good girl, smart boy, ugly crow, large box, my instrument, her sister, his brother, their boat.

As in the above case we can use a pronoun or a noun before a gerund and it must be in the possessive form like this,
1. Juli's bessing healed the child.
2. The girl heard the birds chirping in the garden.
3. I am sure of his studying abroad.
4. Please excuse our leaving this class.
5. It was her arriving late that delayed the function.
6. My acting did not help the actor.
7. Their playing was excellent.
8. Daniel insisted on my going away from the dais.

Instead of a possessive pronoun if we use a noun, it is in possessive form with an apostrophe 's'.

To do the job of a verb in a sentence, we can use the gerund with the force of a verb as well. In some cases it would look like a second verb. When so used, 

the gerund must be preceded by a preposition such as, to, of, at, for, with, without, in, after, on. 

In the next post we would learn some more about this topic with some examples.

To go the previous post from here, please click the link below.

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