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Friday, September 10, 2010

Bladder cancer information

The cancer arises in the urinary bladder because of malevolent development of cancer cell in the urinary bladder.  Atypical cancer cells increase their growth in the bladder irregularly and uncontrollably. The urinary bladder is a concave and brawny organ that stocks up urine.  This type of cancer is known as transitional cell carcinoma or urothelial cell carcinoma.  The signs and symptom of this type of cancer in the urinary bladder is typically bring about blood in the urine.  The bleeding from the urinary bladder in the urine possibly noticeable to the bare eye called gross hematuria.  Sometimes the hematuria may be not noticeable to the bare eye called microscopic hematuria, as they can be seen only under microscope.  Additional likely symptoms of the bladder cancer comprise of pain through urination and recurrent urination called polyuria.  Hematuria and recurrent urination may occur possibly due to inflammation of the urinary bladder too.

The main reason for the bladder cancer is almost in common is smoking.  Smoking tobacco products is mainly the primary reason for the bladder cancer in most cases.  Both woman and men are affecting from smoking result, but men are more prone to this than woman.  Quitting smoking in earlier stages may be helpful in more spread of bladder cancer.

How to diagnose bladder cancer?
Cystoscopy is the first thing to be done to diagnose bladder cancer.  A biopsy is also obtained while doing cystoscopy.  Incidentally bladder cancer is found out in som patients whenever cystoscopy done for other reasons.  Voided urine sample is obtained from the patient and cell study is done to diagnose bladder cancer.  Bladder washing is the method of getting voided urine whenever cystoscopy is done to diagnose the bladder cancer.  In most cases cytology of urine is very precise in diagnosing bladder cancer.  In cystoscopy an flexible and stretchy tube attached to a camera and a variety of tools necessary is inserted into the bladder from the first to last to the urethra.  Doubtful wounds or lacerations inside the bladder perhaps is cut out by biopsy technique and sent it for pathologic analysis.  The pathologist classifies the cancer using the biopsy sample available to him.  Transitional cell carcinoma is the common occurrence of bladder cancer in many cases.  The second most probable conditions of bladder cancer are adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, small cell carcinoma, and sarcoma types.

Bladder cancer staging method:  Any cancer in the body can be classified by the staging method called TNM (tumor, lymph node, and metastasis) staging system like T0 N0 M0 or T1 N1 M1.  Ta is a stage of bladder cancer in which stage 0 cancer cells are found in the central lining of the bladder.  The cancer cells in the stage I cancer have flourished to the layer further than the central lining of the urinary bladder than stage 0 cancer.  In the stage II bladder cancer type, the cancer cells have flourished or multiplied to the muscles in the bladder wall that is more deeper than the stage I cancer.  The stage III bladder cancer is deeper than stage II, in which cancer cells have flourished to the fatty tissue surrounding the urinary bladder and may also to the prostate gland or vagina, or may even to the uterus.  In the stage IV bladder cancer, the cancer cells have flourished more to the lymph nodes, pelvic and abdominal wall, and/or more to the other nearby organs.

In the next post we will see about bone cancer.  Okay. Come on.

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