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Saturday, July 5, 2014

Direct and Indirect Speech


In a conversation between two people, they often use the pronouns I, WE, and YOU, as they talk to each other and this kind of conversation is called DIRECT SPEECH. 
In that conversation when they talk about another person who is not in the scene is called INDIRECT SPEECH. In this indirect speech, they often use HE, SHE, IT and 

THEY as pronouns. See this conversation example:

Direct speech:
Raja: How are you, Rani?
Rani: I am fine, what about you?

Indirect Speech:
Raja: What did Abdul tell to him?
Rani: Abdul told him to leave the job

Direct and indirect speeches can used in all the present, past and future forms.

See the example sentences below:

PRESENT scenario:
Shankar says 'I am loving you now' (direct)
Shankar says that he is loving me now (indirect)

In the present situation, the FIRST PERSON in the direct speech is converted to THIRD PERSON in the indirect speech. Right. The time term NOW is not changed in both cases.

PAST scenario:
Kamal told "I am taking a new movie now" (direct)
Kamal told that he was taking a new movie then (indirect)

In the present situation, the FIRST PERSON in the direct speech is converted to THIRD PERSON in the indirect speech, but NOW is changed to THEN. Understood.
 TODAY may 

be changed THAT DAY. The words that depict the time of action may be changed like this:
Today - that day, yesterday - previous day or the day before, tomorrow - the next day or the following day
, here - there, this - that, these - those.

In the next lesson, we will see about ACTIVE VOICE AND PASSIVE VOICE in English grammar.


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