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Thursday, February 10, 2011


In this post we would try to learn about the combining forms and their meaning. In this article, we will learn about some important Musculoskeletal combining forms. As a Medical Transcription learner, you all should know about these combining forms. While you are doing live files at any company or at home, physicians often dictate these words or terms in their files related to Musculoskeletal system. Generally the main usage of combining forms is to join two or more medical words into one word.

1. The combining form my/o, its another terminology is electromyography which is a technique for calculating and recording the electrical activity by the production of skeletal muscles.

 2. The combining form fasci/o means fascia which means ‘forms sheaths enveloping muscles’ and its terminology is fasciectomy which explains surgical removal of fascia.

3. The combining form iciomy/o means smooth and its terminology is leiomyoma or visceral which means a benign smooth muscle which develops new growth or new development  which is not premalignant.

4. The combining form myocardi/o means heart muscle and its terminology is myocardial which means pertaining to the muscular tissue of the heart.

5. The combining form fibr/o means fibrous connective tissue and its terminology is fibromyalgia where it explains the Chronic pain and stiffness in muscles and fibrous tissue especially of the back, neck, shoulders, hips, and knees. The common complaint is ‘Fatigue’. The condition has also been called ‘fibrositis’ or ‘rheumatism’.

6. The combining form myos/ means muscle and its terminology is myositis which is the basic or general term used for inflammation of the muscles (swelling of the muscles, injury, infection, certain medicines and even some exercises).

7. The combining form iciomy/o, its another terminology is leiomyosarcoma which means the muscles that lines the walls of internal organs.

8. The combining form rhabdomy/o means skeletal and its terminology is rhabdomyoma which means muscles that are connected or striated to bones.

9. The combining form my/o means muscle and its terminology is myalgia which means muscle pain and it is the symptom of many diseases and disorders.

10. The combining form rhabdomy/o, its another terminology is rhabdomyosarcoma is a cancerous tumor of the muscles or malignant tumor of the muscles that are attached to the bones. It is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in children.

11. The combining form plant/o means sole of the foot and its terminology is plantar flexion which is an ankle movement that increases the approximate 90 degrees of angle between the front part of the foot and the shin.

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