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Saturday, May 18, 2013

What is Diabetes Mellitus?

What is Diabetes Mellitus? This is an abnormal endocrine gland secretion state. In this, less amount of insulin is secreted and so this condition enhances the state of keeping his sugar value in the blood, high starch in blood, and high fat metabolism in blood are happening. Normally, blood sugar in the blood should be released out to the cells to give energy and this process is affected by diabetes mellitus, as there is less amount of insuling in blood to do this process. Diabetes mellitus is of two types, such as, type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. We will now see what are type 1 and type 2 diabetes one by one.

Types of Diabetes Mellitus:

1. Type 1 diabetes: The another name of this diabetic condition is insulin-dependent diabetes or IDDM in short. In this abnormal state, the special cells named beta islet cells in the pancreas are destroyed and so less insulin is produced in the pancreas. IDDM makes the patient lean, as there is more fat metabolism in the liver. The treatment for this condition is to inject the patient with insulin often.

2. Type 2 diabetes: The another name of this is non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or NIDDM in short. In this condition, there is no destruction of Islet beta cells in the pancreas. Pancreas normally secretes insulin, but the target tissues create a resistance to insulin. The treatment for type 2 diabetes is to increase the sensitivity of the tissues by insulin is by diet control, exercising, and other drugs, and in some conditions insulin injections.

Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus: Main symptoms that happen during diabetes mellitus are:  In eyes blurred vision, more thirst and urinary sensation due to more central nervous system stimulation, weight loss in the body, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain due to abnormal GI function, Kussmaul breathing due to hyperventillation, more urination and high amount of sugar in urine.

Complications of Diabetes: In the long run untreated or uncontrolled diabetes mellitus may lead to some complicated conditions, such as, diabetic retinopathy or damage of blood vessels in the retina, diabetic neuropathy or kidneys stop to function, damage of blood vessels, and/or diabetic neuropathy or damage of nerves.

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