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Sunday, October 27, 2013

How to use 'NEED' in Sentences as an Auxiliary Verb?

Last lesson dealt in our free MT course blog was about how to use 'ought to' as an auxiliary verb. In this post we would learn about a new topic of auxiliary verb ‘need’.  Need is a verb and an auxiliary, by using need in any tense needed is used in any tense with the appropriate auxiliary. Use of need as an auxiliary:  1. When we want to give the meaning ‘necessity or importance or obligation’ in a sentence. 2. In the question forms usually. Some of the rules and regulations of this auxiliary verb are: 1. In the simple present tense the auxiliary ‘need’ is used in the present form of the verb. 2. In the present continuous tense the auxiliary ‘need be’ is used in the present ending in –ing  form of the verb. 3. In the future in the past tense, the auxiliary ‘need have’ is used in the past participle form of the verb. 4. In the future in the past continuous tense, the auxiliary ‘need have been’ is used in the present in –ing form of the verb. Whenever the sentence of the structure is in the present tense, then the following examples are given below:

    1. Need You tell him anything more?
  1. She needn’t tell him anything more?
  2. Scott need not return to this Office next year.
  3. Need you all go to a museum on Christmas day?
 (Using of ‘need ‘ in the sentence sounds very polite and diplomatic when compared to ‘should’ which is appropriate
5. We needn’t go to the function today.
6. Need I get up from bed so early on a holiday morning?
7. She needs to tell us more on this subject.
8. Samson needs to return to meeting next year.
9. We need to go to the movie today.
In all the above sentences, need has become a verb When ‘need’ is used as a verb we are forced or compelled to use an infinitive-verb.

Whenever the sentence of the structure is in present continuous tense, then some of the examples of the sentences are given below:
1. Need you be doing this assignment all by yourself?
2. I needn’t be going to the function today.
3. I needn’t be doing this assignment at all.
4. He needn’t be interfering with your family matters at all.
5. She needn’t be doing this work at all.
6. I needn’t be going to the movie today.

NOTE: By using simple present tense ‘need’. So, this auxiliary is not normally used in the continuous tense although by rule we can.

Whenever the structure of the sentence is in future in the past continuous, then the examples of the sentences are given below.
1. Need Alex have beaten up this child so badly for a simple mistake?
2. She need not have beaten up the child at all.
3. I needn’t have attended the class at all today.
4. Need they have purchased so many dresses?
5. They needn’t have purchased more than 5 sets.

Whenever the structure of the sentence is in future in the past continuous tense then the  examples of the sentences are given below.
1. The students need not have been running after the money-lender for this loan.

In the next post we would learn about a new topic of auxiliary verb ‘DARE’.

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