In this lesson we will learn about more urological terminologies.
1. Azot/o means nitrogen
Azotemia is the abnormal condition of nitrogen in the blood. We can find this by a test called BUN (blood urea nitrogen) test of the blood.
2. Albumin/o means albumin.
Albuminemia-abnormal condition of albumin in the blood (albumin is a protein in the blood). In this condition albumin level in the blood is elevated abnormally.
Albumiuria-a condition in which albumin level is elevated in an abnormal level in the urine.
3. Bacteri/o means bacteria.
Bacteriuria-a condition in which more bacterias are present in the urine. It is a condition of infection.
4. Dips/o means thirst
Polydipsia-unnecessary or too much thirst due to diabetes.
5. Ket/o means ketones
Ketosis is a condition in which ketones are present in the urine.
5. Keton/o means ketones
Ketonuria-abnormal condition of ketones in the urine.
Ketoacidosis-abnormal condition of collection of acids in blood cells and tissues.
6. Lith/o means stone
Nephrolithiasis-abnormal condition of formation of stones in the kidneys.
Oliguria- very little urination
7. -poietin means formation of a substance
Erythropoietin-erythr/o means red. This hormone helps to form red blood cells.
8. Py/o means pus
Pyuria-abnormal condition of pus in the urine.
9. Ur/o means urea or urine
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)-this hormone is secreted by the pituitary gland to quell diuresis. Water reabsorption inside the kidney takes place by the action of this hormone.
Diuresis-abnormal condition of undue urination.
Enuresis-an abnormal condition of inability to control urination i.e. bedwetting.
Uremia-abnormal condition of collection of urea in the blood
10. Urin/o means urine
Urinary tract infection (UTI)-abnormal condition of infection in the urinary tract by virus or bacteria.
Urinary incontinence-An abnormal condition of not capable to manage urination.
Stress incontinence-an abnormal condition of tension on the bladder opening while sneezing or coughing.
Urgency incontinence-an abnormal condition of not capable to retain urination when feeling the urge to urinate.
11. -uria means voiding or urination
Hematuria-abnormally blood comes with urine while voiding
Dysuria-abnormal difficulty to urinate
Glycosuria-abnormal condition of excessive sugars in the urine
Anuria-abnormal condition of no urination
Polyuria-abnormal condition of excessive urination
Note: Polyuria, glycosuria, and polydipsia are the symptoms of diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus.
In the next lesson we will learn about Urinalysis. OK.
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