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Monday, February 25, 2013

Diagnosis Pheochromocytoma and Treatment - Lesson 328

Diagnosis Pheochromocytoma and Treatment - Lesson 328

An abnormal condition caused by thick colored stains formed by the tumor cells of adrenal medulla. As the name of the tumor pheochromocytoma illustrates the meaning, pheo- means dark or thick or dusky, chromo- means colored -cytoma means abnormal condition of tumor by these cells. The origin of this type of tumor is from the adrenal medulla. What these abnormal tumor cells do after their formation? These tumor cells will produce excessive in amount the hormones like epinephrine and norepinephrine.

Signs and symptoms of pheochromocytoma: These tumor cells simply activate excessively the nerves of sympathetic nervous system and so heart rate may increase with blood pressure, excessive sweating may happen, weight loss, hyperglycemia, skin palpitations, as well as flank pain are the visible symptoms of pheochromocytoma.

Diagnosis of pheochromocytoma:  Identification of normetanephrine and metanephrine factors in plasma cells in the blood via blood test will notify this abnormal condition in patients. Urine test and clonidine suppression test are other less effective tests to be done to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment for pheochromocytoma:  Surgically removing the tumor is the best choice by the physicians all over the world for the pheochromocytoma tumors. Surgery may be done either by laparotomy or by laparoscopy. The choice is chosen based on the complexity of the tumor and the severity of its formation when it is identified.

In the next post, we will deal with an abnormal condition of excessive secretion of insulin. Okay. Come on.

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The Longest Medical Word

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