Updating a new post on free medical transcription course blog after an one and half month gap. The delay in posting is due to some personal reasons. Today we are going to see about hyperthyroidism. We are now following abnormal conditions of endocrine system.
As we read hyper- means high or overactive, -thyroidism means condition of thyroid gland. Hyperthyroidism means higher secretion of thyroid hormone secretion above its normal condition. This state is also termed as overactive thyroid gland. Thyroid hormones are thyroxine, triiodothyronine and thyroid hormone. Hypothyroidism is another condition, which is opposite to hyperthyroidism with less functioning thyroid gland or less production of thyroid hormones.
The other name of hyperthyroidism in medical terms is Grave's disease. It is also termed as thyrotoxicosis. Thyroid gland is formed by glandular cells named as thyroid parenchyma cells. Due to the high growth of thyroid parenchyma glandular cells more production of thyroid hormones happen. This is the primary reason of hyperthyroidism. Due to this hyper state, the cell metabolism in thyroid gland cells happen. Higher secretion of thyroid hormones produce some symptoms, such as adenomatous goiter. Underactive thyroid symptoms and overactive thyroid symptoms happen both in men and women of all ages. A thyroid function test will reveal the right result of how one's thyroid gland is functioning. The common symptom of hyperactive thyroid is swelling under the eyes.
Symptoms of Overactive Thyroid: Enlarged thyroid gland, nervouseness, hair loss, heat intolerance, tachycardia, bulging eyes, irregular menstrual flow, frequent bowel movements and irritability.
Treatment for Hyperthyroidism: Commonly the treatment are thyroidectomy that is surigcal removal of thyorid gland and/or drug therapy, such as antithyroid drugs. These treatments will reduce the production of high thyroid hormone in the blood. Another kind of treatment for this is oral application of radioactive iodine. This will lessen the production of thyroid hormone by destructing the tissues that produce hormone.
In the next post, we will see about hypothyroidism. Okay. Come on.