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Monday, March 4, 2013

What is Hyperinsulinism? - Lesson 329

Hyperinsulinism - What is it? When pancreas starts to secrete more insulin than its normal level and this abnormal condition is termed as hyperinsulinism. Due to this abnormal state, the level of blood sugar decreased because the secreted insulin in great amounts draw the sugar out of blood and so this happens. This may happen separately or may be associated with any other disease conditions in the body. It is understood importantly that when beta cells in the blood enters into the pancreas, more insulin is secreted. Why this happens? When more amount of blood glucose in the blood, pancreas automatically secretes more insulin to draw more glucose from the blood.

What are the normal blood sugar level? For normal adults, the fasting blood sugar level should be 70 to 100 millgram per deciliter (mg/dL).  Non-fasting blood sugar should be below 140 mg/dL.  Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia is a condition, in which less glucose is present in the blood due to over secretion of insulin dropping out glucose from blood.

Diabetes Mellitus: This is an abnormal state where human body fails to work against insulin secreted by the pancreas, it may be an advanced state of hyperinsulinism. When body does not respond to the insulin for over a period of time, it may be lead to the diabetes mellitus.

What is congenital hyperinsulinism? Congenital means by birth. Some infants may born with hypersecretion of insulin.

What are the hyperinsulinism symptoms? Due to less amount of sugars in the blood due to higher amount of secretion of insulin in the blood by pancreas, many symptoms are not visible. The visible symptoms of less glucose in the blood evidently seen are weakness, shakiness, seizures or coma.

In the next lesson, we will learn about diabetes. Okay. Come on.

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