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Thursday, February 11, 2010


In this lesson we will learn about the classes of Drugs:
1. ACE inhibitor:- It lowers blood pressure. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors block the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II which is a powerful vasoconstrictor.
2. Amphetamine:- It is a Central nervous system stimulant.
3. Analgesic:- Drug which stops pain.
4. Anesthetic:- Drug which reduces or takes out sensation.
5. Antacid:- Drug which is Gastrointestinal that neutralizes acid in the stomach.
6. Antianginal:- A drug which stops angina which means chest pain due to enough flow of blood to the heart muscle.
7. Antiarrhythmic:- A cardiovascular drug which helps to restore heart rhythm to a regular cycle.
8. Antibiotic:- A chemical substance produced by a plant or microorganism, that has the ability to inhibit or kill foreign organisms in the body.
9. Anticoagulant:- Clotting of blood is prevented by the drug.
10. Anticonvulsant:- Convulsions of blood is prevented by the drug (abnormal brain activity).
11. Antidepressant:- A drug used to relieve symptoms of depression.
12. Antidiabetic:- A drug which is used in treatment of diabetes melitus.
13. Antidiarrheal:- A drug which is used in treatment of diarrhea.
14. Antiemetic:- To prevent nausea and vomiting this agent is used.
15. Antihistamine:- The drugs which are used to block the action of histamine and helps prevent symptoms of allergy.
16. Antihypertensive:- An agent which lowers blood pressure.
17. Antinauseant:- An agent which prevents nausea and vomiting, antiemetic.
18. Antiulcer drug:- The secretion of acid by cells of the lining of stomach which is inhibited by this drug.
19. Barbituate:- A drug which is sedative-hypnotic and is derived from barbituric acid.
20. Beta-blocker:- A drug which blocks the action of epinephrine at sites on receptors of heart muscle cells, the muscle lining of blood vessels, and bronchial tubes; antiarrhythmics, antianginals, and antihypertensives.
21. Caffeine:- Stimulant of Central nervous system.
22. Calcium channel blocker:- A drug which blocks the entrance of calcium into heart muscle and muscle lining of blood vessels; and also used as antiarrhythmics, antianginals, and antihypertensives.
23. Cardiotonic:- A drug which promotes the force and efficiency of the heart.
24. Cathartic:- A drug which prevents constipation.
25. Diuretic:- A drug which is used to improve the production of urine and reduces the volume of fluid i.e, hypertensive.
26. Emetic:- A drug which is used to promote vomiting.
27. Glucocorticoid:- A hormone from the adrenal cortex that raises blood sugar and reduces inflammation.
28. Hypnotic:- An agent which produces sleep.
29. Laxative:- Weak cathartic.
30. Narcotic:- A drug of habit-forming which is used to relieve pain by producing stupor or insensibility.
31. Purgative:- A strong cathartic.
32. Sedative:- A drug which is mildly hypnotic that relaxes without necessarily producing sleep.
33. Stimulant:- An agent which excites and promotes activity.
34. Tranquilizer:- A drug which is used to control anxiety and severe disturbances of behavior.

In the next lesson we will study about pharmacological combining forms, terminologies, and prefixes. Okay.

Come on.

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In this post we will learn about the general medical terms of pharmacology and their definitions
General terms and their meanings
1. Addictive action:- An action in which two similar drugs is equal to the sum of the effects of each drug.
2. Aerosol:- Drug particles which are suspended in air.
3. Antidote:- Agent given to counteract an unwanted effect of a drug.
4. Anaphylaxis:- An extensive level of hypersensitivity reaction of the body to a drug or foreign organism.
5. Brand name:- A commercial name for a drug trade name.
6. Chemical name:- A drug's chemical formula
7. Contraindications:- Prevention of particular drug or treatment for the patient's condition.
8. Food and Drug Administration (FDA):- For enforcing the proper drug manufacture and clinical use the Governmental agency is having the legal responsibility.
9. Generic name:- A drug's legal noncommercial name.
10. Iatrogenic:- Individual sensitivity of a drug or a result of mistakes in a drug use having an effect is produced.
11. Idiosyncrasy:- The effect which is produced in a particular sensitive individual which is unexpected but not seen in most patients.
12. Inhalation:- Gaseous or vapor form of drugs is given through the nose or mouth.
13. Medicinal Chemistry:- Relationship between chemical structure and biological effects, study of new drug synthesis.
14. Molecular pharmacology:- The study of interaction of drugs and subcellular entities such as DNA, RNA and enzymes.
15. Oral administration:- The drugs which are given by mouth.
16. Parenteral administration:- The drugs which are given by injection into the skin, muscle or veins or any route through the digestive tract.
17. Pharmacodynamics:- The study of effects of a drug within the body.
18. Pharmacokinetics:- For a period of time we have to calculate the drug concentration in tissues and blood.
19. Physicians' Desk Reference (PDR):- The lists of drug products which is referred.
20. Receptor:- A drug interacts in the body with a target substance.
21. Rectal administration:- The drugs which are inserted through the anus into the rectum.
22. Side effect:- From the use of a drug which routinely results in toxic effect.
23. Sublingual administration:- Under the tongue drugs are placed.
24. Synergism:- The combination of two or more drugs causes in effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each drug one potentiation.
25. Syringe:- To withdraw fluids from the body this instrument is used.
26. Tolerance:- To achieve the desired effect larger and larger doses of drugs are given.
As the treatment with a drug progresses the patient becomes resistant.
27. Topical application:- The drugs which are applied on the mucous membrane of the body, i.e, ointments, creams, and lotions which are applied.
28. Toxicity:- Drug's harmful effects.
29. Toxicology:- The study of harmful chemicals and their effects on the body and is a branch of pharmacology.
30. Transport:- The movement of a drug across a cell membrane into body cells.
31. United States Pharmacopeia (U.S.P):- List of drugs, formulas, and preparations that sets a standard for drug manufacturing and dispensing with an authoritative list.
32. Vitamin:- Substance which is good for health and growth and which is found in foods and in essential.
In the next post we would learn about the Classes of Drugs.
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