Youtube Subscibe Button

Thursday, February 11, 2010

PHARMACOLOGY-GENERAL MEDICAL TERMS-2-LESSON 166

In this lesson we will learn about the classes of Drugs:
1. ACE inhibitor:- It lowers blood pressure. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors block the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II which is a powerful vasoconstrictor.
2. Amphetamine:- It is a Central nervous system stimulant.
3. Analgesic:- Drug which stops pain.
4. Anesthetic:- Drug which reduces or takes out sensation.
5. Antacid:- Drug which is Gastrointestinal that neutralizes acid in the stomach.
6. Antianginal:- A drug which stops angina which means chest pain due to enough flow of blood to the heart muscle.
7. Antiarrhythmic:- A cardiovascular drug which helps to restore heart rhythm to a regular cycle.
8. Antibiotic:- A chemical substance produced by a plant or microorganism, that has the ability to inhibit or kill foreign organisms in the body.
9. Anticoagulant:- Clotting of blood is prevented by the drug.
10. Anticonvulsant:- Convulsions of blood is prevented by the drug (abnormal brain activity).
11. Antidepressant:- A drug used to relieve symptoms of depression.
12. Antidiabetic:- A drug which is used in treatment of diabetes melitus.
13. Antidiarrheal:- A drug which is used in treatment of diarrhea.
14. Antiemetic:- To prevent nausea and vomiting this agent is used.
15. Antihistamine:- The drugs which are used to block the action of histamine and helps prevent symptoms of allergy.
16. Antihypertensive:- An agent which lowers blood pressure.
17. Antinauseant:- An agent which prevents nausea and vomiting, antiemetic.
18. Antiulcer drug:- The secretion of acid by cells of the lining of stomach which is inhibited by this drug.
19. Barbituate:- A drug which is sedative-hypnotic and is derived from barbituric acid.
20. Beta-blocker:- A drug which blocks the action of epinephrine at sites on receptors of heart muscle cells, the muscle lining of blood vessels, and bronchial tubes; antiarrhythmics, antianginals, and antihypertensives.
21. Caffeine:- Stimulant of Central nervous system.
22. Calcium channel blocker:- A drug which blocks the entrance of calcium into heart muscle and muscle lining of blood vessels; and also used as antiarrhythmics, antianginals, and antihypertensives.
23. Cardiotonic:- A drug which promotes the force and efficiency of the heart.
24. Cathartic:- A drug which prevents constipation.
25. Diuretic:- A drug which is used to improve the production of urine and reduces the volume of fluid i.e, hypertensive.
26. Emetic:- A drug which is used to promote vomiting.
27. Glucocorticoid:- A hormone from the adrenal cortex that raises blood sugar and reduces inflammation.
28. Hypnotic:- An agent which produces sleep.
29. Laxative:- Weak cathartic.
30. Narcotic:- A drug of habit-forming which is used to relieve pain by producing stupor or insensibility.
31. Purgative:- A strong cathartic.
32. Sedative:- A drug which is mildly hypnotic that relaxes without necessarily producing sleep.
33. Stimulant:- An agent which excites and promotes activity.
34. Tranquilizer:- A drug which is used to control anxiety and severe disturbances of behavior.

In the next lesson we will study about pharmacological combining forms, terminologies, and prefixes. Okay.

Come on.

To go to the next lesson from here please click the link below.

To go to the prior lesson from here please click the link below.

PHARMACOLOGY-GENERAL MEDICAL TERMS-1-LESSON 165

In this post we will learn about the general medical terms of pharmacology and their definitions
General terms and their meanings
1. Addictive action:- An action in which two similar drugs is equal to the sum of the effects of each drug.
2. Aerosol:- Drug particles which are suspended in air.
3. Antidote:- Agent given to counteract an unwanted effect of a drug.
4. Anaphylaxis:- An extensive level of hypersensitivity reaction of the body to a drug or foreign organism.
5. Brand name:- A commercial name for a drug trade name.
6. Chemical name:- A drug's chemical formula
7. Contraindications:- Prevention of particular drug or treatment for the patient's condition.
8. Food and Drug Administration (FDA):- For enforcing the proper drug manufacture and clinical use the Governmental agency is having the legal responsibility.
9. Generic name:- A drug's legal noncommercial name.
10. Iatrogenic:- Individual sensitivity of a drug or a result of mistakes in a drug use having an effect is produced.
11. Idiosyncrasy:- The effect which is produced in a particular sensitive individual which is unexpected but not seen in most patients.
12. Inhalation:- Gaseous or vapor form of drugs is given through the nose or mouth.
13. Medicinal Chemistry:- Relationship between chemical structure and biological effects, study of new drug synthesis.
14. Molecular pharmacology:- The study of interaction of drugs and subcellular entities such as DNA, RNA and enzymes.
15. Oral administration:- The drugs which are given by mouth.
16. Parenteral administration:- The drugs which are given by injection into the skin, muscle or veins or any route through the digestive tract.
17. Pharmacodynamics:- The study of effects of a drug within the body.
18. Pharmacokinetics:- For a period of time we have to calculate the drug concentration in tissues and blood.
19. Physicians' Desk Reference (PDR):- The lists of drug products which is referred.
20. Receptor:- A drug interacts in the body with a target substance.
21. Rectal administration:- The drugs which are inserted through the anus into the rectum.
22. Side effect:- From the use of a drug which routinely results in toxic effect.
23. Sublingual administration:- Under the tongue drugs are placed.
24. Synergism:- The combination of two or more drugs causes in effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each drug one potentiation.
25. Syringe:- To withdraw fluids from the body this instrument is used.
26. Tolerance:- To achieve the desired effect larger and larger doses of drugs are given.
As the treatment with a drug progresses the patient becomes resistant.
27. Topical application:- The drugs which are applied on the mucous membrane of the body, i.e, ointments, creams, and lotions which are applied.
28. Toxicity:- Drug's harmful effects.
29. Toxicology:- The study of harmful chemicals and their effects on the body and is a branch of pharmacology.
30. Transport:- The movement of a drug across a cell membrane into body cells.
31. United States Pharmacopeia (U.S.P):- List of drugs, formulas, and preparations that sets a standard for drug manufacturing and dispensing with an authoritative list.
32. Vitamin:- Substance which is good for health and growth and which is found in foods and in essential.
In the next post we would learn about the Classes of Drugs.
To go to the next post please click the link below

To go to the prior lesson from here please click the link below