In this lesson we will learn about the classes of Drugs:
1. ACE inhibitor:- It lowers blood pressure. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors block the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II which is a powerful vasoconstrictor.
2. Amphetamine:- It is a Central nervous system stimulant.
3. Analgesic:- Drug which stops pain.
4. Anesthetic:- Drug which reduces or takes out sensation.
5. Antacid:- Drug which is Gastrointestinal that neutralizes acid in the stomach.
6. Antianginal:- A drug which stops angina which means chest pain due to enough flow of blood to the heart muscle.
7. Antiarrhythmic:- A cardiovascular drug which helps to restore heart rhythm to a regular cycle.
8. Antibiotic:- A chemical substance produced by a plant or microorganism, that has the ability to inhibit or kill foreign organisms in the body.
9. Anticoagulant:- Clotting of blood is prevented by the drug.
10. Anticonvulsant:- Convulsions of blood is prevented by the drug (abnormal brain activity).
11. Antidepressant:- A drug used to relieve symptoms of depression.
12. Antidiabetic:- A drug which is used in treatment of diabetes melitus.
13. Antidiarrheal:- A drug which is used in treatment of diarrhea.
14. Antiemetic:- To prevent nausea and vomiting this agent is used.
15. Antihistamine:- The drugs which are used to block the action of histamine and helps prevent symptoms of allergy.
16. Antihypertensive:- An agent which lowers blood pressure.
17. Antinauseant:- An agent which prevents nausea and vomiting, antiemetic.
18. Antiulcer drug:- The secretion of acid by cells of the lining of stomach which is inhibited by this drug.
19. Barbituate:- A drug which is sedative-hypnotic and is derived from barbituric acid.
20. Beta-blocker:- A drug which blocks the action of epinephrine at sites on receptors of heart muscle cells, the muscle lining of blood vessels, and bronchial tubes; antiarrhythmics, antianginals, and antihypertensives.
21. Caffeine:- Stimulant of Central nervous system.
22. Calcium channel blocker:- A drug which blocks the entrance of calcium into heart muscle and muscle lining of blood vessels; and also used as antiarrhythmics, antianginals, and antihypertensives.
23. Cardiotonic:- A drug which promotes the force and efficiency of the heart.
24. Cathartic:- A drug which prevents constipation.
25. Diuretic:- A drug which is used to improve the production of urine and reduces the volume of fluid i.e, hypertensive.
26. Emetic:- A drug which is used to promote vomiting.
27. Glucocorticoid:- A hormone from the adrenal cortex that raises blood sugar and reduces inflammation.
28. Hypnotic:- An agent which produces sleep.
29. Laxative:- Weak cathartic.
30. Narcotic:- A drug of habit-forming which is used to relieve pain by producing stupor or insensibility.
31. Purgative:- A strong cathartic.
32. Sedative:- A drug which is mildly hypnotic that relaxes without necessarily producing sleep.
33. Stimulant:- An agent which excites and promotes activity.
34. Tranquilizer:- A drug which is used to control anxiety and severe disturbances of behavior.
In the next lesson we will study about pharmacological combining forms, terminologies, and prefixes. Okay.
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