In this lesson, we will learn about important musculoskeletal system combining forms. All combining forms are very important to understand the medical terminology well. As a medical transcription learner, you must know the meaning of all the system combining forms to do the live files once you promoted into production. Every learner should have one good medical dictionary to know the meaning of each terminology crosschecked. Each medical word is a combination of one or more combining forms bridging vowel in general the letter 'O' and a suffix or the word end. In this way, every trainee should try to split each medical word and understand it.
1. Calc/o means calcium. Hypocalemia means a disease condition of less calcium in the bones. Hypercalcemia means an abnormal condition of more calcium in the bones.
2. Calci/o means calcium. Decalcification is an abnormal condition of loss of calcium in the bones.
3. Kyph/o means humpback. Kyphosis is an abnormal condition of backward curvature of the backbone.
4. Lamin/o means lamina that is a part of the vertebral arch. Laminectomy is the surgical removal of vertebral arches in the backbone.
5. Lord/o means curve anteriorly. Lordosis is an abnormal condition of anterior curvature of the spinal cord.
6. Lumb/o means lower back or loins. Lumbar is pertaining to lower back.
7. Myel/o means bone marrow. Myelopoiesis is the process of production of bone marrow.
8. Orth/o means straight or upright. Orthopedics the study of musculoskeletal system that helps to make our body straight.
9. Oste/o means bone. Osteitis is an abnormal condition of inflammation in the bones.
10. Scoli/o means bent or crooked. Scoliosis is an abnormal condition of crook in the spinal cord laterally.
11. Spondyl/o means vertebra. Spondylitis is an abnormal condition of inflammation in the spinal bones.
12. Vertebr/o means vertebra. Vertebral is pertaining to vertebral bones.
In the next post, we will learn about important musculoskeletal suffixes. Okay.
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